What Vegetables Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

Do you ever feel like sharing your green veggies with your guinea pigs but were not about what vegetables can guinea pigs eat? Well, do not worry anymore as I have got your back. Today I will brief you about the vegetables that guinea pigs can safely eat.

What Vegetables Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

Because guinea pigs are herbivores, their diet should consist primarily of high-quality guinea pig hay, pelleted guinea pig chow, and a small number of fresh vegetables and fruit.

what vegetables can guinea pigs eat

Disorders such as obesity, liver disorder, heart disease, kidney disorders, and chronic diarrhea are a direct result of nutritional imbalance. Introduce new foods gradually to your furry friend’s diet, as drastic dietary changes might cause issues (such as diarrhea).

Fresh veggies should be offered once a day and amount to around one cup of each guinea pig per day. The majority of your pig’s fresh vegetables should be leafy greens like romaine lettuce, red and green leaf lettuces, kale, cilantro, and parsley.

It’s best to feed various greens every day to create diversity. Vitamin C-rich vegetables, such as red or green peppers and broccoli, are excellent everyday choices. Once or twice a week, add carrots, zucchini, tomato, or sweet potato.

To avoid diarrhea, gradually introduce new fruits and vegetables. Restrict the amount of fresh produce for several days if your guinea pig has loose stool, then return it in smaller doses.

Because guinea pigs are prone to painful bladder stones, and some of these stones are made up of calcium oxalate, limiting or eliminating foods high in oxalates, such as spinach, parsley, and strawberries, will help guinea pigs with calcium oxalate stones.

Feed your guinea pig twice a day, in the morning and evening, on a regular schedule. If given the opportunity, guinea pigs will overeat, therefore removing any pelleted food that is left uneaten after one hour and discarding any fresh fruits or vegetables that are left uneaten after 24 hours to prevent obesity. Never add new food, even hay, without first removing the old.

Guinea pigs are sensitive to heatstroke, so fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water must be accessible at all times, especially during hotter weather.

They should drink at least five ounces of water per day. Clean your guinea pig’s water bottle with hot water and a bottle brush on a weekly basis.

What food can guinea pigs eat safely?

Guinea Pig, Rodent, Animal, Smooth Hair

The majority of your furry friend’s diet should consist of hay and grass. Small servings of vegetables can also be fed, and lots of vitamin C should be included. Following is a list of things you can and can’t feed your guinea pig in terms of hay, vegetables, and fruit.

Pellets

Commercial guinea pig food is designed to give balanced nutrition with the right amount of Vitamin C and other critical nutrients. Choose a veterinarian-tested and authorized pelleted food and use the feeding instructions on the label as a guide.

Hay

This is an important part of your pet’s diet. Guinea pigs require this type of fiber to digest their food effectively. As a result, it must be accessible at all times. Chewing on hay also helps your guinea pig’s teeth, which are always growing, wear down.

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Make sure the hay you buy is fresh, high-quality, clean, dry, fragrant, and mold-free. A notable example of high-quality meadow hay is Timothy hay.

Vegetables

Guinea pigs can consume up to one cup of veggies every day. New vegetables should be introduced to your pet one at a time. Eating fresh, organically grown greens is the best alternative. The following veggies can be fed to your pet guinea pig:

  • Romaine lettuce (never iceberg lettuce)
  • Carrots and carrot tops
  • Peas
  • Broccoli spears
  • Spinach
  • Artichokes
  • Kale
  • Tomatoes (not the stems or leaves)
  • Green and red bell peppers
  • Other dark green veggies

These vegetables give vitamins and minerals that are important to the overall health of your guinea pig. To remove traces of dangerous pesticides, carefully wash all food and avoid serving veggies cold.

Fruits

Fruits should be offered in lower quantities than vegetables due to their increased sugar content. Your guinea pig will love daily meals of small, bite-sized pieces of fruit, which will also provide much-needed Vitamin C. Guinea pigs can consume a wide range of fruits.

Remember to thoroughly wash any fruits before providing them to your guinea pig, and don’t serve them cold.

Cecotropes

Nature has given guinea pigs an interesting way of fulfilling their specialized nutritional requirements. Cecotropes are soft, tiny pellets containing nutrients taken from plants after digestion.

They move via the large intestine, through the anus, and are quickly absorbed. At the same time, this process may appear strange or even revolting.

Cecotropes are an important element of your animal friend’s diet, so don’t underestimate them.

Treats & chews 

Treats (including fruit) should not account for more than 10% of your guinea pig’s total meal intake. When choosing healthy options for your pet, examine labels carefully because some commercially produced treats contain artificial sweeteners, sugar, or salt.

You should provide a variety of pleasant chews, such as sticks, toys, balls, blocks, and small animal treats because your guinea pig’s teeth are always growing. They are not only fun for your guinea pig to chew on, but they also help to relieve boredom.

Another reward choice is a small animal salt lick, which is a rich source of essential minerals and a healthy method to fulfill your guinea pig’s love for salt.

Foods guinea pigs cannot eat.

Guinea Pig, Rodent, Cute, Eyes, Fur

For a variety of reasons, you should not feed your guinea pig certain foods. Some poisonous foods, while others are high in fat or sugar, offer a choking hazard, are nutritionally deficient, produce gas, or cause bloating.

You can get dietary advice from books on guinea pig care or reliable sources (such as the ASPCA). Still, you should always visit an exotic animal veterinarian or a veterinarian who specializes in tiny animals.

Your guinea pig should not be fed the following foods:

Milk and Dairy Products

Guinea pigs can only digest plant-based foods, as previously stated. Dairy items such as milk, yogurt, curd, cheese, and cream cheese should not be provided to guinea pigs since they can cause stomach problems, such as diarrhea.

The avocado

Avocados may appeal to your guinea pigs’ taste buds, but they should not be fed to them. They contain a lot of fat. Avocado is not a good choice, even if you want your guinea pig to acquire weight.

Meat

Give no meat to guinea pigs; they are herbivores that only eat plants. Therefore meat could cause major stomach problems for them.

Oatmeal

Carbohydrates in oats are readily broken down into sugars in the digestive tract. Simply put, this is not guinea pig food.

Whiskey, bourbon, or any other alcoholic beverage

The guinea pig is a delicate creature that cannot tolerate whisky or any other form of alcohol. Thus, it is advised that you should not even put a drop of alcohol in their mouth, as this could result in major health issues for the guinea pig.

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Seeds

Guinea pigs should not be given any seeds. Seeds contain a lot of fat. They can also choke your pet. Guinea pigs are plant-eating animals who prefer to eat soft foods. Even if the seed goods in the pet store say “excellent for guinea pigs,” they are not suited for them.

Sugars and starches in seeds can alter digestion microorganisms, leading to intestinal problems and obesity. Guinea pigs have no self-control when it comes to eating. Thus keeping them healthy is our job.

Soft seeds, such as those found in peppers, cucumbers, and tomatoes, are safe to eat. On the other hand, Guinea pigs can choke on the seeds of apples, watermelons, and oranges. This is why they must be eliminated.

Supplements | Multivitamins

Vitamins should not be given to guinea pigs since they can cause an overabundance of vitamins and minerals, which is hazardous to them. Before giving guinea pigs multivitamin supplements, visit your veterinarian.

Rabbit Food in the Market

Commercial rabbit meals are not suitable for guinea pigs since they are low in vitamin C, high in vitamin D and include anti-coccidiosis medications, which can make guinea pigs very sick.

Herbs

While herbs can be a good source of vital nutrients, there are a number of herbs that are poisonous to guinea pigs, including:

  • Acacia, Aconite, Beech, Bindweed, Buttercups, Celandine, Cherry Trees, Clematis, Columbine, Daffodils, Daisy, Deadly Nightshade, Acanthus, Agave, Arum, Autumn Crocus, Belladonna, Boxwood, Broom, Buddleia, Christmas Rose, Cyclamen, Datura, Elder, Ferns, Geraniums, Holly, Honeysuckle, Ivy.

Which fruits and vegetables are safe?

Guinea Pig, Animal, Rodent, Smooth Hair

These furry animals can eat a wide range of fruits and vegetables, including lettuce, kale, parsley, coriander, cucumber, carrot, sweet bell peppers, tomato, and apple.

A list of vegetables and fruits that guinea pigs can safely consume is provided below.

Veggies

  • Spinach
  • Romaine lettuce
  • Parsley
  • Kale
  • Carrots (including the top)
  • Sweet Potato
  • Zucchini
  • Cucumber
  • Peas
  • Broccoli
  • Bell peppers
  • Artichoke

Fruit

  • Oranges
  • Pears
  • Apples
  • Kiwi
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Peaches
  • Papaya

How many vegetables can guinea pigs eat daily?

A good quantity of fresh food for a daily ration for one guinea pig is about a cup of veggies. When you have a lot of leaves, this can be difficult to gauge, so a little extra is good.

Guinea Pig, Cute, Hairy, Guinea Pigs

Guinea pigs tend to stop eating after they’ve had their fill, so remove any remaining vegetables after a few minutes to avoid attracting flies or going bad. You’re probably feeding them too much if they’re leaving a lot each day.

Give them a slightly larger piece if they are eating it rapidly and seem to be hungry for more. You can feed them one time in a day or divide the portion in half and give them one in the morning and the other in the evening.

Can guinea pigs eat frozen fruits and vegetables?

Top View, Basil, Herbs, Bowl, Closeup

Unfortunately, they are unable to do so. Anything frozen is not good for them to eat because it is too cold and hard for them to eat.

Although there is no danger in eating frozen fruits and vegetables once they have thawed, they have typically lost a significant amount of nutrients when compared to raw fruits and vegetables. So feed the raw fruits and veggies; they will be a lot healthier.

What Vegetables Can Guinea Pigs Not Eat?

Guinea Pig, House Guinea Pig, Cute

There are also several veggies that guinea pigs should avoid:

Rhubarb: is poisonous to guinea pigs and should be avoided even in small amounts due to its high oxalic acid content.

Onions and garlic: might cause bloating in their stomachs. Unlike humans, guinea pigs have no way of getting that additional gas out of their system. Onions can cause blood problems as well.

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Iceberg lettuce: is not harmful. However, it should not be given to guinea pigs because it can create health problems. It has no nutritional value for guinea pigs and can simply cause bloating, gas, and diarrhea.

Potatoes: guinea pigs are poisonous to them. Even from a nutritional sense, guinea pigs should not consume them because they are high in carbs and calcium.

Onions: such as leeks and chives, might cause blood issues in guinea pigs, therefore don’t give them to them.

Jalapenos: are toxic to guinea pigs because they are extremely spicy and can upset their stomachs and digestive systems.

Tips for caring for your Guinea Pig’s diet

Salad, Fruit, Berry, Healthy, Vitamins

Fruit contains a lot of sugar, so it’s best to feed it in moderation to avoid damaging your piggie’s teeth. On the other hand, vegetables are an excellent source of vitamin C, which is an important component of your Guinea Pig’s diet.

To ensure that your pig doesn’t get too much oxalate, phosphorus, or calcium, you should feed a variety of plants. Cooked food is inedible to Guinea Pigs, therefore don’t serve it to them. It will irritate his stomach.

You should never feed lawnmower clippings to your Guinea Pig since they might cause him to have an upset stomach.

Phosphorus to Calcium

As a ratio, foods should have more calcium than phosphorus. Phosphate stones can result from the reverse ratio.

Your Guinea Pig, oxalate acid, and calcium

Calcium and bladder stones can be caused by a Guinea Pig’s diet containing high quantities of oxalate acid and calcium. To produce the stones, the oxalate binds with the calcium.

Your Guinea Pig may be in a lot of pain as a result of these. Foods containing high levels of oxalate acid and calcium should be consumed in moderation.

Can guinea pigs eat mangos?

Yes, furry animals can most certainly eat mangoes. However, you should only feed fresh mango instead of canned or otherwise processed mango, and only in little amounts as a special treat.

Because there are a number of potential health risks linked with your guinea pig eating too much of this type of food, it should never be offered as part of their primary or regular diet.

Mango is a sweet and delightful dessert that is abundant in vitamins and minerals and low in fat. Whether or not your guinea pig appreciates the treat, you must first determine whether it is healthy for them, whether they can eat the entire fruit or simply portions of it.

Conclusion

Feed guinea pigs fresh servings of raw high-fiber fruits and vegetables every day, in addition to excellent timothy hay and vitamin C, supplemented pellets. Remember that guinea pigs require a lot of fiber and vitamin C and that their overall health is dependent on a well-balanced daily diet.

The secret to their long lives is a proper diet. Fresh fruit and leafy greens, as well as root vegetables and high-quality pellets, should be included in your guinea pig’s daily diet to help trim their constantly expanding teeth.

FAQs

Can guinea pigs eat asparagus?

There is some oxalate and phosphorus in this. Vitamin C is also present. Asparagus can be fed to your Guinea Pig on occasion. It contains vitamin C. However, it may cause flatulence in your Guinea Pig.

What is a guinea pig’s favorite vegetable?

Each guinea pig is unique, and most will have preferred foods. The majority of them enjoy carrots and broccoli, and some even prefer fresh grass chewed from a lawn.

Can guinea pigs eat potatoes?

No, guinea pigs cannot consume potatoes in any way. Potatoes contain solanine, which is toxic to guinea pigs, so they must not be offered to them, whether cooked or baked. Furthermore, remember that your guinea pig’s digestive tract is incapable of processing baked, cooked, or fried foods.

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Gulshan
Hi, I am Gulshan, a pet blogger, and author. I've been working with the local pet groups for the past five years. I have been fascinated by our pets and am here to share that wonder with you.