Top 15 Types Of Starling Birds (with Photos)

The world of avian diversity is a fascinating realm, where countless species grace the skies with their remarkable presence. Among these captivating creatures are the starling birds, a group that encompasses a wide range of species, each possessing its own unique characteristics and allure.

From the European Starling with its iridescent plumage to the elegant Bali Myna, these avian wonders command attention and admiration.

However, there is much more to these starlings than meets the eye. Delving into their world unravels a tapestry of intricacies, from their distinctive behaviors to their varied habitats.

So, let us embark on a journey, exploring the captivating realm of starling birds, and discover the astonishing diversity that awaits us.

European Starling

invasive bird species

The European Starling, scientifically known as Sturnus vulgaris, is a highly adaptable bird species that has successfully colonized various habitats across its native range in Europe and its introduced range in North America.

This bird species exhibits fascinating behavior patterns and remarkable migration abilities. European Starlings are known for their highly social nature, often forming large flocks that can consist of thousands of individuals. They are excellent mimics, capable of imitating a wide range of sounds, including human speech.

In terms of migration, European Starlings exhibit a complex pattern. While some individuals are sedentary, remaining in their breeding grounds year-round, others engage in seasonal migration, traveling long distances to reach their wintering grounds. These migration patterns are influenced by factors such as food availability and weather conditions, highlighting the adaptability and resilience of this species.

Common Myna

invasive bird species australia

With their similar adaptability and social nature, the next bird species to be explored is the Common Myna, scientifically known as Acridotheres tristis, which shares remarkable characteristics with the European Starling.

Common Mynas are medium-sized birds native to Asia but have been introduced to various parts of the world due to their popularity as pets. They are highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of habitats, including urban areas, farmlands, and forests. Common Mynas are known for their distinctive yellow beaks, brown plumage, and dark brown eyes.

They are highly sociable birds and often form large flocks, communicating through a range of vocalizations. However, despite their widespread presence, the Common Myna is facing conservation concerns due to habitat loss and competition with native bird species. Efforts are being made to protect their natural habitats and control their population to mitigate these threats.

Hill Myna

talking asian bird species

Hill Mynas, scientifically known as Gracula religiosa, are a species of medium-sized birds native to the hill forests of Southeast Asia. These striking birds are known for their glossy black feathers and bright yellow eye patches. Hill Mynas have a strong, melodious call that has earned them the nickname "talking mynas."

Hill Mynas primarily inhabit dense forests, especially those located in hilly regions. They are commonly found in countries such as India, Myanmar, Thailand, and Malaysia. These birds have specific habitat preferences, seeking out areas with a mix of tall trees for nesting and open spaces for foraging.

When it comes to breeding habits, Hill Mynas are monogamous and form lifelong pairs. They build their nests in tree cavities and lay a clutch of 2-4 eggs. Both parents take turns incubating the eggs and caring for the young.

Table: Hill Myna Habitat Preferences

Habitat Features
Forests Dense, hilly regions
Nesting Tall trees with cavities
Foraging Open spaces

Bali Myna

endangered bali myna bird

Native to the island of Bali in Indonesia, the Bali Myna (Leucopsar rothschildi) is a critically endangered species of bird known for its distinctive appearance and captivating song. With its striking white plumage, black wingtips, and bright blue skin around the eyes, the Bali Myna is a remarkable sight to behold. However, its beauty and melodic calls have made it a target for illegal wildlife trade, leading to its critically endangered status.

Conservation efforts have been implemented to save the Bali Myna from extinction. These efforts include captive breeding programs, habitat restoration, and strict law enforcement against poaching. The primary threat to the Bali Myna's survival is habitat destruction due to deforestation and urbanization. The loss of its natural habitat has resulted in a decline in population and fragmentation of their remaining habitats.

To ensure the long-term survival of the Bali Myna, it is crucial to continue these conservation efforts and raise awareness about the importance of protecting their habitats. Only through concerted actions and a commitment to preserving their natural environment can we hope to secure a future for this magnificent bird.

Superb Starling

vibrant african bird species

The Superb Starling (Lamprotornis superbus) is a species of bird known for its vibrant plumage and impressive vocalizations. This small passerine bird is found in East Africa, specifically in the countries of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda.

The Superb Starling is commonly observed in savannah woodlands, open grasslands, and agricultural areas, where it feeds on a varied diet of insects, fruits, and seeds.

In terms of behavior, the Superb Starling is highly social and often forms large flocks, especially during the non-breeding season. These flocks can consist of hundreds of individuals, which helps to provide protection against predators and allows for cooperative foraging. They are known for their acrobatic flying displays, with individuals often performing impressive aerial maneuvers.

During the breeding season, male Superb Starlings engage in courtship displays to attract females. These displays involve a combination of vocalizations, wing-fluttering, and posturing. Once a pair is formed, they build a cup-shaped nest in a tree cavity or on a branch, typically lined with grass and leaves. The female lays a clutch of 2-4 pale blue-green eggs, which she incubates for around 14 days.

Violet-backed Starling

colorful bird with violet plumage

The Violet-backed Starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) is a striking species of bird known for its dazzling plumage and unique behavioral characteristics. These starlings are found in the woodlands and savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa.

During the breeding season, the male Violet-backed Starlings display their vibrant violet-colored feathers, which contrast beautifully with their black bodies. The females, on the other hand, have a more subdued coloration.

Breeding habits of the Violet-backed Starling involve the formation of monogamous pairs. These birds construct cup-shaped nests made of twigs and grasses, usually in tree cavities or in the abandoned nests of other bird species. The female lays a clutch of 3-5 eggs, which are incubated by both parents for about two weeks. Once the eggs hatch, both parents take turns feeding and caring for the chicks until they fledge.

In terms of migration patterns, the Violet-backed Starlings are considered partially migratory. Some populations undertake seasonal movements, particularly in search of food resources. However, the extent and timing of these migrations can vary among different regions. The exact factors influencing their migration patterns are still under investigation.

Red-shouldered Glossy Starling

vibrant red starling species

Renowned for its iridescent plumage and distinctive red shoulders, the Red-shouldered Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis nitens) is a captivating avian species found in various regions of sub-Saharan Africa.

This striking bird is known for its glossy black feathers, which shimmer with shades of green and purple in the sunlight. The red shoulders, which give the species its name, provide a striking contrast against the black plumage.

Red-shouldered Glossy Starlings are mainly found in woodlands, savannas, and forests, where they build their nests in tree cavities. They are highly social birds and often seen in small flocks, displaying communal roosting behaviors.

In terms of conservation efforts, the Red-shouldered Glossy Starling is currently not considered threatened, but habitat loss and fragmentation pose potential risks in the future. Continued monitoring and protection of their habitats are necessary to ensure the long-term survival of this stunning species.

Cape Glossy Starling

shimmering bird in cape

The Cape Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis nitens) is a species of avian found in regions of Southern Africa, known for its vibrant plumage and fascinating behaviors. This starling species has a glossy black plumage that shimmers with hues of blue and green under sunlight, making it a visually striking bird.

The Cape Glossy Starling is known for its remarkable breeding habits. They form monogamous pairs and build cup-shaped nests made of twigs, grass, and feathers. Conservation efforts for the Cape Glossy Starling are crucial due to habitat loss and degradation. Protecting their natural habitats and raising awareness about the importance of preserving these ecosystems is essential.

Additionally, monitoring breeding patterns and population dynamics can aid in the conservation of this captivating species.

Bali Starling

endangered bird species in bali

Native to the island of Bali in Indonesia, the Bali Starling (Leucopsar rothschildi) is a critically endangered bird species known for its striking appearance and limited population. Also known as the Bali Mynah, this species is characterized by its pure white plumage, distinctive blue skin around the eyes, and a prominent crest on its head. Conservation efforts have been implemented to protect the Bali Starling, as its population has drastically declined due to habitat loss, illegal trapping for the pet trade, and predation. Habitat and behavior analysis have revealed that these birds primarily inhabit lowland forests and mangrove areas, where they feed on fruits, seeds, insects, and small vertebrates. They are highly social and form monogamous pairs during breeding season, constructing nests in tree cavities. Efforts to conserve this species include captive breeding programs, habitat restoration, and increased enforcement against illegal trade.

Conservation Status Critically Endangered
Average Length 25 cm
Average Weight 150-200 g
Lifespan 15-20 years
Diet Fruits, seeds, insects, small vertebrates

Wattled Starling

distinctive bird with wattles

The Wattled Starling (Creatophora cinerea) is a bird species characterized by its unique and conspicuous wattles, which hang down from the corners of the bill, giving it a distinctive appearance. This species is primarily found in the grasslands and savannas of sub-Saharan Africa.

In terms of breeding habits, the Wattled Starling is a cooperative breeder, meaning that multiple individuals within a group contribute to the care and feeding of the young. They usually form small colonies and construct cup-shaped nests in trees or shrubs.

When it comes to habitat preferences, the Wattled Starling is adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats including open woodlands, agricultural areas, and even urban environments. However, they tend to prefer areas with short grass, as it provides easy access to their preferred diet of insects and other invertebrates.

Golden-breasted Starling

colorful bird with golden breast

With its vibrant plumage and striking markings, the Golden-breasted Starling (Lamprotornis regius) captivates observers with its stunning appearance. This beautiful bird is native to sub-Saharan Africa and is a member of the starling family, Sturnidae. It is often admired for its golden breast feathers, which contrast with its glossy black body. The Golden-breasted Starling is slightly larger than the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris), with an average length of 22 centimeters and a wingspan of 40 centimeters. Its beak is long and slender, perfectly adapted for probing into the ground in search of insects and larvae. This species is known for its melodious song, which can be heard during the breeding season when males engage in vocal displays to attract mates. The table below provides additional information about the Golden-breasted Starling:

Feature Description
Scientific Name Lamprotornis regius
Habitat Sub-Saharan Africa
Diet Insects, larvae, fruits, and berries

The Golden-breasted Starling is truly a remarkable bird, both in terms of its physical attributes and its behavioral characteristics.

Splendid Starling

vibrant african bird species

Adorned with a kaleidoscope of colors and intricate patterns, the Splendid Starling (Lamprotornis splendidus) stands as a testament to the wonders of avian beauty. This species is found in East Africa, predominantly in Kenya and Tanzania, where it inhabits savannahs and woodlands.

Breeding habits of the Splendid Starling are fascinating; they form monogamous pairs during the breeding season. Nests are constructed in tree cavities or abandoned nests of other birds. Males attract females by displaying their vibrant plumage and engaging in courtship dances.

Migration patterns of splendid starlings vary depending on the region and the availability of food. They are known to make seasonal movements in search of suitable habitats.

Communication among splendid starlings is notable for their unique vocalizations. They produce a wide range of calls, including melodious songs and various alarm calls, to communicate with their flock members and defend their territory. These vocalizations play a crucial role in maintaining social cohesion and coordinating group movements.

The splendid starling's remarkable breeding habits, migratory patterns, and distinctive vocalizations contribute to their overall beauty and captivating nature.

Brahminy Starling

colorful bird with distinct crest

Characterized by its distinctive black and white plumage and sleek, slender body, the Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum) is a fascinating avian species found in South Asia. This medium-sized starling is known for its vibrant and eye-catching appearance. The Brahminy Starling has a breeding season that typically begins in the spring and extends into the early summer months. During this time, males engage in elaborate courtship displays to attract females. They build their nests in tree cavities or crevices, using twigs, leaves, and feathers. As for migration patterns, Brahminy Starlings are known to exhibit seasonal movements, with some populations migrating to lower altitudes during the winter months. These movements are driven by changes in food availability and weather conditions. The Brahminy Starling's remarkable breeding habits and migration patterns make it a captivating subject of study for ornithologists and bird enthusiasts alike.

Brahminy Starling
Scientific Name Sturnia pagodarum
Habitat South Asia
Plumage Black and white
Breeding Habits Courtship displays, nest-building in tree cavities

Long-tailed Glossy Starling

colorful bird with long tail

The Long-tailed Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis caudatus) is a species of avian found in sub-Saharan Africa. It is known for its striking appearance and distinctive long tail. Considered one of the most beautiful starling species, it has glossy plumage and vibrant colors. The long tail, which can measure up to half the bird's body length, adds to its allure.

This starling species has a compact body with a glossy black plumage that shimmers with iridescent blue and purple hues in certain lighting conditions. Its bright orange eyes and yellow beak further enhance its visual appeal. The Long-tailed Glossy Starling inhabits woodlands, savannas, and grasslands, and is commonly found in small groups or mixed-species flocks.

During the breeding season, which typically occurs from September to February, the male birds display elaborate courtship rituals to attract mates. These rituals involve fluffing their feathers, singing melodious songs, and performing acrobatic flight displays. The female builds the nest using twigs and grasses, usually in tree cavities or abandoned nests of other birds. The female lays 2-4 eggs, which she incubates for approximately 14-16 days.

Both parents take active roles in feeding and caring for the chicks until they fledge and become independent. The Long-tailed Glossy Starling is a mesmerizing bird species that captivates birdwatchers and researchers alike with its enchanting appearance and intriguing breeding behavior.

White-cheeked Starling

colorful bird with white cheeks

The White-cheeked Starling (Sturnus cineraceus) is another starling species found in sub-Saharan Africa, sharing some similarities with the Long-tailed Glossy Starling while displaying its own distinct characteristics. These medium-sized birds are primarily found in woodlands, savannas, and grasslands, where they can easily forage for insects, fruits, and seeds. They have a preference for open habitats with scattered trees, where they can build their nests in tree cavities or abandoned nests of other bird species.

During the breeding season, male White-cheeked Starlings engage in elaborate courtship displays to attract females. They puff up their feathers, raise their wings, and make a variety of calls to display their fitness as potential mates. Once a pair bond is formed, the female will construct a cup-shaped nest and both parents will take turns incubating the eggs and feeding the chicks.

The White-cheeked Starling's unique habitat preferences and intricate mating behaviors make it a fascinating species to study in the diverse avian world.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!