Top 15 Types Of Pigeon Birds (with Photos)

Pigeon birds, a diverse group of avians, have long fascinated ornithologists and enthusiasts alike. With their remarkable adaptability and unique characteristics, these feathered creatures have managed to capture our curiosity and attention.

From the renowned Homing Pigeon, known for their remarkable navigational abilities, to the elegant Fancy Pigeon, bred for their exquisite plumage, the world of pigeon birds is a captivating realm waiting to be explored.

In this discourse, we shall uncover the intriguing array of pigeon bird types, each possessing its own distinct traits and allure. Prepare to be enthralled as we unravel the secrets and uncover the beauty of these remarkable avian species.

Homing Pigeon

The Homing Pigeon, scientifically known as Columba livia domestica, is a highly specialized breed of pigeon renowned for its ability to navigate and return to its home over vast distances.

This remarkable skill has captivated humans for centuries, leading to the development of homing pigeon training techniques. Homing pigeons exhibit unique behaviors that contribute to their exceptional navigational abilities. These behaviors include imprinting on their birthplace, forming strong social bonds with their mate and flock, and relying on their keen sense of direction.

Through a process called homing pigeon training, humans have been able to enhance and refine these natural instincts. Training involves gradually increasing the distance between the pigeon’s home and the release point, allowing the bird to gradually learn and memorize the route.

Racing Pigeon

An image capturing the adrenaline-fueled world of Racing Pigeons: Showcase sleek, aerodynamic birds with vibrant feathers soaring through the sky, their focused eyes fixed on the finish line

Having established the remarkable navigational abilities of homing pigeons, our attention now turns to the specialized breed known as racing pigeons.

Racing pigeons are bred specifically for their speed, endurance, and navigational skills. Breeding programs focus on selecting birds with superior physical attributes, such as strong wings, efficient respiratory systems, and high energy levels. Additionally, genetic factors that contribute to navigational abilities are also considered.

Training techniques for racing pigeons are crucial in developing their racing potential. Young birds are gradually introduced to longer and more challenging flights to build their stamina and navigational skills. Regular exercise, proper nutrition, and a structured training regimen are essential for optimum performance.

The training process involves familiarizing the birds with their release points and gradually increasing the distance. Through consistent training and careful breeding, racing pigeons are able to compete in races covering hundreds of miles and showcase their exceptional abilities.

Fancy Pigeon

An image showcasing the mesmerizing variety of Fancy Pigeon breeds

Fancy pigeons are a distinct and visually striking group of pigeons that have been selectively bred for their unique colors, patterns, and physical features. Breeding techniques play a crucial role in developing these extraordinary characteristics. Breeders employ various methods, including selective pairing, line breeding, and hybridization, to achieve desirable traits.

By carefully selecting and pairing pigeons with specific physical attributes, such as feather color, size, shape, and pattern, breeders can produce offspring with enhanced visual appeal. The breeding process involves meticulous observation and record-keeping to ensure the preservation and improvement of desired traits across generations.

Fancy pigeons exhibit a wide range of distinctive physical features, including crests, feathered feet, frilled feathers, and unique body shapes. These exceptional characteristics make fancy pigeons highly sought after by enthusiasts and collectors worldwide.

Feral Pigeon

An image showcasing a flock of feral pigeons perched on a city rooftop, their iridescent feathers shimmering under the sunlight as they coexist amidst urban architecture, symbolizing their resilient adaptability to human environments

In contrast to the selectively bred and visually striking fancy pigeons, feral pigeons are a distinct group of pigeons that have adapted to urban environments and display more natural characteristics. Feral pigeons, also known as city pigeons or street pigeons, are descendants of domesticated pigeons that have returned to the wild. They have a gray or bluish-gray plumage, with iridescent feathers on their necks and wings. Feral pigeons are highly adaptable and can be found in cities all over the world.

Feral pigeon behavior is influenced by their urban habitat. They are highly social birds that form large flocks and roost in buildings, bridges, and other structures. They have a unique homing ability, allowing them to navigate and return to their roosting sites. Feral pigeons are opportunistic feeders, consuming a diverse diet that includes grains, seeds, fruits, and even discarded food from human settlements.

Due to their adaptability and high reproductive rate, feral pigeon populations can quickly grow in urban areas. As a result, population control measures are often implemented to manage their numbers. These measures can include the use of birth control methods, such as administering contraceptive bait, or physical deterrents like spikes or netting to prevent roosting and nesting in certain areas.

Understanding feral pigeon behavior and implementing effective population control strategies is crucial for managing their presence in urban environments. By striking a balance between human needs and wildlife conservation, we can coexist with these resilient and resourceful birds.

Tumbler Pigeon

An image showcasing the elegant Tumbler Pigeon, with its slender body and gracefully arched neck, captured mid-flight

The Tumbler Pigeon, a breed known for its unique aerial acrobatics, is highly sought after by pigeon enthusiasts for its exceptional flying abilities. This breed is renowned for its ability to perform rapid and continuous somersaults while in mid-air.

Tumbler pigeons possess several unique physical characteristics that contribute to their extraordinary flying skills. They have a compact body with a short, broad beak and strong wings. Their wings are proportionally larger, providing them with increased lift and maneuverability. Tumbler pigeons also have a well-developed chest, enabling them to generate powerful wing beats.

In terms of breeding habits, Tumbler pigeons are known for their strong homing instincts and dedicated nesting behavior. They are capable of reproducing at a high rate, making them a popular choice among breeders.

Roller Pigeon

An image depicting a majestic Roller Pigeon in mid-flight, showcasing its distinctively upright posture and beautiful coloration

After exploring the exceptional flying abilities of the Tumbler Pigeon, it is now time to delve into the fascinating characteristics of the Roller Pigeon. Roller Pigeons are a specific breed known for their unique ability to perform backward somersaults in mid-air. This behavior, known as "rolling," is believed to be a result of selective breeding over many generations. Roller Pigeon enthusiasts engage in breeding programs to enhance the rolling abilities of these birds, aiming to produce offspring with the most impressive and consistent rolls.

Roller Pigeon competitions are popular among breeders and enthusiasts, where the birds are judged based on the quality and quantity of their rolls. Judges evaluate factors such as style, depth, and duration of the roll. To better understand the characteristics and performance of Roller Pigeons, refer to the table below:

Characteristic Description
Body Shape Compact and muscular
Flight Pattern Fast and agile
Rolling Ability Ability to perform backward somersaults
Style Quality and elegance of the roll
Consistency Regularity and frequency of rolling

Roller Pigeon breeding and competitions play a significant role in the preservation and advancement of this unique breed, ensuring its continued existence for future generations to appreciate.

Carrier Pigeon

An image showcasing the remarkable Carrier Pigeon, their elegant gray feathers glinting in sunlight as they soar through the sky, wings outstretched, carrying a small tube tied to their leg

Carrier Pigeons, also known as homing pigeons, are a breed of pigeons admired for their remarkable ability to navigate and return to their home loft from distant locations.

These pigeons have been used for centuries for various purposes, with their historical significance being closely tied to communication and transportation during times of war and peace.

During wars, carrier pigeons were used to relay messages between military units when other communication methods were unavailable or unreliable.

In times of peace, carrier pigeons were commonly used in pigeon racing competitions, where their speed and navigational skills were put to the test. These competitions became popular in the early 20th century and continue to be enjoyed by enthusiasts worldwide.

Today, carrier pigeons are less commonly used for communication purposes but are still appreciated for their impressive homing abilities and their role in human history.

Jacobin Pigeon

An image that showcases the majestic Jacobin Pigeon in all its glory

The Jacobin Pigeon, known for its distinctive feathered hood and elegant demeanor, is a unique breed of pigeon that has captivated enthusiasts and breeders alike. This breed is characterized by its large size, standing at around 15 inches tall with a wingspan of approximately 30 inches. The most striking feature of the Jacobin Pigeon is its hood, which is created by a dense ruff of feathers on the back of its head. These feathers cascade down the neck, giving the bird an elegant and regal appearance.

In terms of breeding habits, Jacobin Pigeons are known for their strong homing instincts. They are excellent parents, often displaying great care and dedication towards their offspring. These birds prefer to build their nests in elevated locations, such as rooftops or tall trees. They typically lay two eggs at a time, with an incubation period of around 17 to 19 days. Once the eggs hatch, the parents take turns feeding and caring for the chicks until they are ready to leave the nest.

Pouter Pigeon

An image showcasing the elegance of a Pouter Pigeon in flight, its elongated neck gracefully arched and its magnificent feathers billowing in the wind

Continuing our exploration of pigeon breeds, we now turn our attention to the Pouter Pigeon, a remarkable variety that exhibits distinct physical characteristics and unique behaviors.

The Pouter Pigeon is known for its impressive size and elongated body shape. It stands tall with a proud posture, elongated neck, and a prominent chest.

One of the most striking features of the Pouter Pigeon is its inflated crop, which it can puff out during courtship displays. This behavior, known as puffing, is used to attract mates and establish dominance.

Pouter Pigeons are bred selectively to enhance these physical characteristics, resulting in a breed that is admired for its elegance and beauty. Breeding patterns for Pouter Pigeons involve careful selection of individuals with desired traits, such as well-developed crops and elongated bodies.

This ensures that the unique physical characteristics of the Pouter Pigeon are maintained and passed on to future generations.

Fantail Pigeon

An image showcasing the majestic Fantail Pigeon, capturing its distinctive features: a plump body, long tail feathers elegantly fanned out, and a vibrant coat adorned with iridescent hues

The Fantail Pigeon, a distinct and visually captivating breed, is distinguished by its unique tail feathers that fan out in an exquisite display. This breed is known for its ornamental appeal, attracting bird enthusiasts and breeders alike.

The Fantail Pigeon exhibits various physical characteristics that contribute to its charm. It has a compact and well-rounded body, with a short beak and a small head. The most notable feature is its tail, which consists of 30 to 40 feathers that spread out like a fan. These feathers are wide and well-spread, giving the bird an elegant appearance.

In terms of breeding habits, Fantail Pigeons are generally monogamous, forming long-term pair bonds. They have a moderate breeding rate, producing around 2-3 eggs per clutch. The incubation period lasts approximately 17-18 days.

King Pigeon

An image showcasing the majestic King Pigeon, with its distinct large size, regal posture, and beautiful iridescent feathers

With its regal stature and commanding presence, the King Pigeon stands as a majestic breed within the avian world. Among the diverse range of pigeon breeds, the King Pigeon stands out with its distinct features and elegant appearance. This breed is known for its large size, beautiful plumage, and unique head shape. The King Pigeon’s regal demeanor is further enhanced by its upright posture and graceful movements.

To provide a comprehensive overview, here is a table showcasing some key characteristics of the King Pigeon:

Characteristic Description
Size Large
Plumage Varied colors and patterns
Head Shape Broad and rounded
Posture Upright and graceful

The King Pigeon is a popular breed among pigeon enthusiasts due to its majestic appearance and gentle temperament. Its regal qualities make it a standout choice for those seeking a captivating addition to their avian collection.

Ice Pigeon

An image showcasing the captivating Ice Pigeon

Having explored the majestic qualities of the King Pigeon, we now turn our attention to the captivating breed known as the Ice Pigeon.

The Ice Pigeon, scientifically known as Columba livia domestica, is a breed that is highly valued for its unique appearance and graceful flying abilities. This breed is characterized by its pure white feathers, which give it a striking and ethereal appearance.

In terms of breeding habits, Ice Pigeons are known to be monogamous, forming long-lasting pair bonds with their mates. They typically lay one or two eggs per clutch and both parents take turns incubating the eggs.

When it comes to diet preferences, Ice Pigeons primarily consume grains, seeds, and small insects. They are also known to forage for food in open fields and gardens. Providing a balanced diet that includes a mix of grains and seeds is essential for their overall health and well-being.

English Trumpeter Pigeon

An image capturing the elegance of an English Trumpeter Pigeon in flight—a majestic bird with a slender body, long neck, and distinctively tall, thin beak, showcasing its unique features and graceful movement

The English Trumpeter Pigeon, scientifically known as Columba livia domestica, is a distinctive breed highly regarded for its elegant appearance and distinctive vocalizations. This breed is known for its large size, with males weighing between 1 to 1.25 pounds and females slightly lighter.

The English Trumpeter Pigeon has a gracefully arched neck, a broad chest, and a long tail. Its plumage comes in a variety of colors, including black, white, red, yellow, and blue.

The breeding habits of this breed involve the formation of strong pair bonds, with males engaging in courtship displays to attract females. They build nests in elevated areas and lay one or two eggs at a time.

The English Trumpeter Pigeon is a remarkable breed that combines beauty, elegance, and unique vocal abilities.

Lahore Pigeon

An image showcasing the majestic Lahore Pigeon, with its elongated neck gracefully arched, displaying its vibrant plumage in shades of iridescent blue, golden, and white, as it soars through a clear azure sky

The Lahore Pigeon, scientifically known as Columba livia domestica, is a breed of pigeon highly esteemed for its distinctive appearance and ornate plumage. Originating from Lahore, Pakistan, this pigeon is a symbol of elegance and beauty. With its unique combination of colors and patterns, the Lahore Pigeon is sought after by pigeon enthusiasts and breeders worldwide.

The history and cultural significance of the Lahore Pigeon can be traced back to ancient times. It is believed that this breed was developed during the Mughal era in the 16th century, where it was cherished for its aesthetic appeal. Over the years, the Lahore Pigeon has become an integral part of the cultural heritage of Pakistan, representing grace and refinement.

Today, it continues to be bred and admired for its striking appearance, making it a prized possession for pigeon fanciers. The Lahore Pigeon truly embodies the artistic beauty that nature has to offer.

Indian Fantail Pigeon

An image showcasing the majestic Indian Fantail Pigeon, capturing its elegant, elongated body with distinct fan-shaped tail feathers, gracefully arching neck, and vibrant, iridescent plumage that ranges from rich purples to metallic blues

The Indian Fantail Pigeon, scientifically known as Columba livia domestica, is a breed of pigeon known for its distinctively large and fan-shaped tail. This breed is highly sought after for its unique physical characteristics and is a popular choice among pigeon enthusiasts.

The Indian Fantail Pigeon has a slender body with a graceful appearance. Its most notable feature is its long, fan-shaped tail, which can be up to 16 inches in length. This breed comes in a variety of colors and patterns, adding to its visual appeal.

When it comes to breeding and care, the Indian Fantail Pigeon requires a spacious and well-ventilated loft to accommodate its tail. The breeding process involves selecting healthy birds with good feather quality and tail shape to produce offspring with desirable traits.

Regular grooming, including trimming the tail feathers to maintain its shape, is essential for the health and well-being of these pigeons. A balanced diet consisting of grains, seeds, and fresh fruits and vegetables is crucial to ensure their nutritional needs are met.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!