Top 15 Types Of Chicken Birds (with Photos)

Chicken birds, also known as poultry, come in a wide variety of breeds, each with its own unique characteristics and traits. From the majestic Rhode Island Reds to the fluffy and adorable Silkies, there is a chicken bird for every enthusiast. Whether you're looking for chickens that are excellent layers like the Leghorns and Plymouth Rocks, or ones with stunning feather patterns like the Wyandottes, the world of chicken breeds is a fascinating one to explore.

But that's not all, there are also Easter Eggers that surprise us with their colorful eggs, Hamburgs known for their striking appearance, and Polish chickens with their distinctive crests. And let's not forget the Fayoumis, a breed that boasts exceptional resilience and adaptability.

So, whether you're a seasoned chicken keeper or simply curious about the many varieties of chicken birds, there is something captivating about these feathered creatures that will keep you coming back for more.

Rhode Island Reds

poultry breed from rhode island

Rhode Island Reds are a widely recognized breed of chicken known for their dual-purpose characteristics and distinctive mahogany-colored plumage. These chickens are favored by farmers and backyard enthusiasts alike due to their ability to produce both meat and eggs efficiently.

When it comes to breeding methods, Rhode Island Reds can be bred naturally or through artificial insemination. Natural breeding involves allowing the roosters and hens to mate freely, while artificial insemination involves collecting semen from a selected rooster and manually inseminating the hens.

As for health concerns, Rhode Island Reds are generally hardy birds but can be susceptible to certain ailments such as respiratory infections and parasites. It is essential to provide them with a clean and well-ventilated environment, regular vaccinations, and proper nutrition to ensure their overall well-being.

Silkies

fluffy feather footed chickens

Silkies, a unique breed of chicken, are known for their distinctive appearance and feathering. These birds have an extraordinary appearance due to their soft, fluffy feathers that resemble silk or fur. Silkies have a crest of feathers on their heads, black skin, and five toes, unlike most chicken breeds that have only four. Their feathers lack barbicels, which are responsible for the typical smooth and sleek appearance of feathers in other chickens. This lack of barbicels gives Silkies a unique fluffy appearance. Additionally, Silkies come in various colors such as black, white, blue, and buff.

Breeding Silkies can be a challenging task due to their unique characteristics. It is important to select healthy breeding stock, ensuring that they have the desired traits such as proper feathering and a crest on their heads. Special care should be taken to prevent frostbite in Silkies due to their fluffy feathers, as they are more susceptible to cold temperatures. Providing shelter and insulation during winter months is crucial. Silkies are also known to be good mothers, often exhibiting broody behavior and taking care of their chicks diligently.

Leghorns

white leghorn chicken breed

Leghorns, another breed of chicken, possess distinct characteristics that set them apart from Silkies.

Leghorns are known for their active and alert nature. They are medium-sized birds with a sleek and elegant appearance. One of the key features of Leghorns is their strong and sturdy legs, which allow them to be excellent foragers. They have a single comb and wattles, and their plumage comes in various colors, including white, black, and brown.

Leghorns are highly adaptable and can thrive in different climates. They are also known for their high egg production, laying approximately 280-320 white eggs per year. However, Leghorns can be somewhat skittish and may require some socialization to become more docile. They have a relatively strong immune system, but like any other breed, they may be prone to certain health concerns, such as respiratory issues and parasites. Proper care, regular veterinary check-ups, and a well-balanced diet are crucial for maintaining their health.

When it comes to breeding patterns, Leghorns are not broody and are more focused on laying eggs rather than hatching them. Overall, Leghorns are a popular breed due to their productivity and adaptability, making them a valuable addition to any poultry farm.

Plymouth Rocks

historical landmark in massachusetts

Plymouth Rocks, a breed of chicken known for their versatility and hardiness, have distinctive characteristics that make them a popular choice among poultry enthusiasts. These chickens are medium-sized with a broad, muscular body. They have a single red comb, medium-sized wattles, and earlobes that are red or white depending on the variety. Plymouth Rocks come in several color variations, including Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, and Partridge.

They have a calm and friendly temperament, making them suitable for backyard flocks and beginners. Raising Plymouth Rock chickens is relatively easy as they adapt well to different climates and are resilient against diseases. They are good layers, producing large brown eggs consistently throughout the year.

With their unique features and adaptability, Plymouth Rocks are a valuable addition to any chicken flock.

Wyandottes

breed of domestic chicken

Wyandottes, a breed of chicken renowned for their elegant appearance and robust nature, have distinct characteristics that set them apart from other poultry breeds.

One of the key features of Wyandottes is their unique breeding patterns. They are considered a dual-purpose breed, meaning they are bred both for their meat and for their egg-laying abilities. Wyandottes are known to be good layers, producing a respectable number of brown eggs throughout the year.

In terms of feather colors, Wyandottes come in a wide range of varieties, including silver laced, gold laced, black, blue, and white. These different color patterns make them a popular choice among poultry enthusiasts who appreciate the diversity and beauty of these birds.

Orpingtons

orpingtons majestic large dual purpose chickens

Orpingtons, a breed of chicken known for their large size and friendly demeanor, possess distinctive characteristics that set them apart from other poultry breeds. These birds are renowned for their soft and fluffy feathers, which come in a variety of colors including black, blue, buff, and white.

Orpingtons are heavy birds with a broad and deep body, making them excellent for meat production. Their calm and docile nature also makes them ideal for backyard flocks and for families with children. However, there are both pros and cons to raising Orpingtons.

On the positive side, they are excellent layers of large brown eggs and are generally hardy and disease-resistant. On the downside, their large size can make them prone to health issues such as obesity and leg problems. When breeding Orpingtons, it is important to select birds with good conformation and temperament, and to provide them with a balanced diet and ample space.

With proper care and attention, Orpingtons can be a delightful addition to any flock.

Sussex

beautiful county in england

Sussex chickens, another popular breed of poultry, possess distinct characteristics that differentiate them from other chicken breeds.

Known for their versatility, Sussex chickens are adaptable to various climates and are easy to raise. They have a docile temperament, making them suitable for backyard flocks and ideal for families with children.

Sussex chickens are renowned for their excellent egg-laying abilities, producing large brown eggs consistently throughout the year. They have a robust constitution, which contributes to their durability and longevity.

Sussex chickens come in a variety of colors, including white, red, and speckled. Their breeding patterns are diverse, allowing for the development of different Sussex strains.

Due to their versatility, excellent egg-laying capabilities, and appealing appearance, the Sussex chicken breed has gained significant popularity among poultry enthusiasts worldwide.

Australorps

black chicken breed australorps

Australorps, a breed of chicken originating from Australia, are known for their exceptional egg-laying capabilities and strong, robust constitution. These birds were developed in the early 1900s by breeding Black Orpingtons to create a utility bird that excelled in both meat and egg production.

Australorps are medium-sized birds with glossy black feathers and a single comb. They have a calm and friendly temperament, making them easy to handle. When it comes to breeding techniques, Australorps can be selectively bred for desired traits such as egg production, size, and color.

As for common diseases and health issues, Australorps are generally hardy birds but can be susceptible to respiratory infections and parasitic infestations. Regular vaccinations, proper nutrition, and good husbandry practices are essential for maintaining their overall health and productivity.

Cochins

large fluffy ornamental chickens

Cochins, another notable breed of chicken, display distinct characteristics that set them apart from Australorps and contribute to their popularity among chicken enthusiasts. Known for their large size and feathered feet, Cochins are a breed that originated in China. They have a gentle and friendly temperament, making them suitable for backyard flocks and for families with children.

Cochins come in various colors, including black, blue, buff, and white. Their breeding patterns are unique, as they tend to go broody easily and are excellent mothers. However, this broodiness can sometimes lead to health concerns, such as obesity and reproductive issues. It is important for Cochins to have a balanced diet and regular exercise to maintain their overall well-being.

Brahmas

large gentle ornamental chicken

Brahmas, a breed of chicken known for their impressive size and distinctive feathering, have long been favored by poultry enthusiasts for their unique characteristics and suitability for various purposes. Originating in the United States in the mid-19th century, Brahmas were developed from large fowls imported from China. They quickly gained popularity due to their gentle temperament, good egg-laying abilities, and ability to withstand harsh weather conditions.

Brahmas are known for their large size, with males weighing up to 12 pounds and females reaching 9 pounds. They have feathered legs and feet, which provide them with additional warmth during colder months. Their plumage comes in three main colors: light, dark, and buff. Despite their size, Brahmas are calm and docile birds, making them suitable for backyard flocks and petting zoos.

Breeding Brahmas requires careful selection of breeding stock to maintain their size and characteristics. They are relatively low-maintenance birds, but their feathered legs require regular cleaning to prevent dirt buildup and potential infections. Brahmas thrive in free-range environments with access to spacious coops for roosting and nesting. Providing them with a balanced diet and regular health checks will ensure their well-being and productivity.

Marans

french breed of chicken

Marans, a breed of chicken originating in France, are known for their distinctively dark brown eggs and robust, hardy nature. With a rich history dating back to the early 20th century, Marans have become a popular choice for backyard chicken enthusiasts and farmers alike.

Marans are medium-sized birds with a muscular build and deep, compact bodies. They have feathered legs and lay large, chocolate-brown eggs, which are highly sought after for their unique color. The breed comes in various colors, including Black Copper, Wheaten, and Blue Copper, each with its own distinct markings and plumage.

In addition to their egg-laying capabilities, Marans are known for their friendly and calm temperament, making them suitable for both rural and urban settings. Their adaptability and resilience make them well-suited to different climates and environments.

Some popular breeding varieties of Marans include the Black Copper Marans, which is known for its stunning black feathers with copper accents, and the Wheaten Marans, which features a beautiful wheaten coloration. These breeding varieties add to the diversity and appeal of the Marans breed.

Easter Eggers

colorful hybrid chicken breed

Easter Eggers, a colorful and popular breed of chicken, are known for their ability to lay eggs in a wide variety of stunning colors. These chickens are a result of crossbreeding between blue egg-laying Araucana or Ameraucana chickens and other chicken breeds.

As a result, their eggshells can come in shades of blue, green, pink, or even a light brown. The unique egg colors of Easter Eggers make them a favorite among backyard chicken enthusiasts and collectors of rare eggs.

Additionally, their ability to lay eggs in various colors provides exciting opportunities for further crossbreeding possibilities. By selectively breeding Easter Eggers, breeders can strive to create chickens that lay eggs in even more vibrant and diverse hues, adding to the beauty and intrigue of these already fascinating birds.

Hamburgs

delicious grilled hamburgers

Hamburgs, an ancient breed of chicken known for their distinctive plumage patterns, have a long-standing history in the poultry world. These birds belong to the family of Mediterranean chickens and are primarily raised for their egg-laying abilities. There are several different varieties of Hamburg chickens, each with its own unique characteristics.

The Silver Spangled Hamburg is perhaps the most well-known variety, with its striking black and white feathers speckled with silver. Other varieties include the Golden Spangled, Golden Penciled, and Silver Penciled Hamburgs.

Despite their smaller size, Hamburgs are highly valued for their ability to produce large numbers of small, white eggs. They are also known for their active and independent nature, making them excellent free-range birds.

If you are considering raising chickens for eggs, Hamburgs can be a great choice due to their productivity, attractive appearance, and lively personalities.

Polish

traditional polish food recipes

Polish chickens, also known as Poland or Polish Crested, are a distinct breed of chicken characterized by their unique crest of feathers on top of their heads. This breed is known for its ornamental value and is often kept for exhibition or as pets. Polish chickens come in various feather varieties, including the most common ones such as White Crested Black, White Crested Blue, and White Crested Splash. These birds have a small, compact body with a round crest of feathers that can be either smooth or frizzled. The crest can obstruct their vision, making them more vulnerable to predators. Despite this, Polish chickens are known for their friendly and docile nature, as well as their ability to lay small to medium-sized white eggs. Their unique appearance and calm disposition make them a popular choice for chicken enthusiasts and hobbyists.

Feather Varieties Unique Characteristics
White Crested Black Black body with a white crest
White Crested Blue Blue body with a white crest
White Crested Splash Splash-patterned body with a crest

Fayoumis

ancient egyptian breed of chicken

The Fayoumis, a breed of chicken originating from Egypt, is known for its unique characteristics and adaptability to various climates.

The Fayoumis is a small to medium-sized bird with a slender and graceful body. It has a single comb and is known for its striking black and white plumage.

This breed is highly active, alert, and independent, making it an excellent forager.

The Fayoumis is also known for its high egg production, with hens laying small to medium-sized white eggs.

Despite its small size, the Fayoumis is a hardy breed that can withstand both hot and cold climates. It requires minimal care, although it is important to provide adequate shelter and protection from predators.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!