Top 15 Types Of Birds That Lay Blue Eggs (with Photos)

When it comes to the fascinating world of avian reproduction, few aspects capture the imagination quite like the color of their eggs.

While most birds lay eggs in various shades of white, there exists a diverse group that defies convention and lays eggs of a striking blue hue.

These avian marvels, found across different continents and habitats, possess an inherent allure that begs the question: what are the types of birds that lay these captivating blue eggs?

In this discussion, we will explore a selection of these remarkable avian species, shedding light on their unique characteristics and the evolutionary significance behind their brilliantly colored eggs.

Prepare to embark on a journey that unveils the hidden wonders of the natural world, where the mystery of blue eggs awaits.

American Robin

The American Robin, scientifically known as Turdus migratorius, is a migratory songbird species that is renowned for its vibrant orange breast and its ability to lay beautiful blue eggs.

These birds are commonly found in North America and are known for their distinctive appearance and melodious song. The American Robin is slightly larger than the Eastern Bluebird, with a length of around 25 centimeters and a wingspan of approximately 40 centimeters. They have a brownish-black back, a white belly, and a reddish-orange breast.

The blue eggs laid by the American Robin are a result of a pigment called biliverdin, which is deposited on the eggshell during the formation process. This pigment gives the eggs their characteristic blue color and offers protection against harmful ultraviolet radiation.

Eastern Bluebird

An image showcasing the enchanting Eastern Bluebird, perched on a delicate branch amidst a backdrop of vibrant green leaves

Known for its vibrant blue plumage and unique nesting habits, the Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) is a small, cavity-nesting songbird native to North America. Found primarily in open woodlands, orchards, and fields, the Eastern Bluebird prefers habitats with scattered trees and nearby open areas for foraging. This species can also adapt to suburban areas with suitable nesting sites and sufficient food sources.

Here is a table summarizing the key characteristics of the Eastern Bluebird:

Characteristics Details
Scientific Name Sialia sialis
Size Approximately 6.3-8.3 inches (16-21 cm) in length
Habitat Open woodlands, orchards, fields, and suburbs
Nesting Behavior Cavity-nester, often utilizing man-made nest boxes
Diet Insects, fruits, and berries

The Eastern Bluebird plays an important role in controlling insect populations and dispersing seeds through its foraging habits. By understanding the preferred habitats of this species, we can better conserve and provide suitable nesting opportunities for these beautiful birds.

Mountain Bluebird

An image showcasing the vibrant Mountain Bluebird perched on a moss-covered branch, its azure plumage contrasting against the snowy backdrop of majestic mountains, while a delicate blue egg rests in a cozy nest nearby

Occasionally spotted in the mountainous regions of North America, the Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides) is a striking species known for its vibrant blue plumage and unique nesting habits.

The Mountain Bluebird can be found in open areas such as meadows, grasslands, and foothills, particularly in the western parts of the United States and Canada. It prefers habitats with sparse vegetation, as this type of environment provides ample space for foraging and nesting.

As for its diet, the Mountain Bluebird mainly feeds on insects, including beetles, ants, grasshoppers, and caterpillars. It also consumes small fruits and berries, particularly during the winter months when insects are scarce.

This species is well adapted to its mountainous habitat, demonstrating its ability to thrive in these challenging environments.

Western Bluebird

An image capturing the vibrant, azure blue eggs of the Western Bluebird resting in a delicate nest atop a moss-covered branch, showcasing their distinctive color and the bird's small size and bright plumage

In the mountainous regions of North America, the Western Bluebird (Sialia mexicana) can be observed, showcasing its vibrant blue plumage and distinctive nesting behaviors. The Western Bluebird is a small thrush species with a length of about 6.3 to 7.5 inches and a wingspan of approximately 10 to 12 inches. This beautiful bird can be found in open woodlands, meadows, and grasslands across western North America. It prefers habitats with scattered trees and perches, where it can hunt for its preferred diet of insects, spiders, and berries. The Western Bluebird is known for its unique nesting habits, often using tree cavities or nest boxes for breeding. The following table provides a summary of the Western Bluebird’s habitat and diet:

Habitat Diet
Open woodlands Insects (e.g., beetles, grasshoppers)
Meadows Spiders
Grasslands Berries (e.g., juniper, mistletoe)
Scattered trees and perches
Tree cavities or nest boxes for breeding

Indigo Bunting

An image showcasing the mesmerizing beauty of an Indigo Bunting perched on a delicate branch, surrounded by a vibrant backdrop of lush greenery

The Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) is a small songbird species commonly found in North America, known for its striking blue plumage and melodious songs. These birds are sexually dimorphic, with the males displaying vibrant blue feathers while the females have a more subdued brown coloration.

During the breeding season, male indigo buntings establish and defend territories, using their bright plumage and complex songs to attract mates. They engage in courtship displays, which involve fluffing their feathers, singing loudly, and performing aerial displays. The female indigo bunting is responsible for building the nest, which is typically located in dense shrubs or low trees.

Indigo buntings are neotropical migrants, meaning they undertake long-distance seasonal movements. In spring, they migrate from their wintering grounds in southern Mexico and Central America to breed in North America. In the fall, they undertake a southward migration to return to their wintering grounds. These migrations can cover distances of several thousand miles, with some indigo buntings crossing the Gulf of Mexico during their journey.

Blue Grosbeak

An image showcasing a vibrant Blue Grosbeak perched on a delicate branch, its cobalt feathers contrasting against lush green foliage

Continuing our exploration of birds that lay blue eggs, we now turn our attention to the Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea), a distinctive songbird species found in North America. The Blue Grosbeak is a medium-sized bird, measuring about 6 to 7 inches in length. The male Blue Grosbeak has a vibrant blue plumage with chestnut-colored wingbars, while the female is predominantly brown with a touch of blue on the wings and tail. These birds are known for their melodious songs, which they use to establish territories and attract mates.

Blue Grosbeaks primarily inhabit open woodland areas, including brushy fields, grasslands, and edges of forests. They are commonly found in the southern and central parts of the United States, as well as parts of Mexico and Central America during the breeding season. These birds are known for their unique nesting habits. The female Blue Grosbeak constructs a cup-shaped nest using twigs, grass, and leaves, usually positioned on a shrub or low tree branch. The female lays a clutch of 3 to 5 pale blue eggs, which she incubates for about 12 to 14 days. Both parents take turns feeding the hatchlings until they fledge, which occurs after about 10 to 12 days.

In terms of conservation status, the Blue Grosbeak is currently classified as a species of least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). However, habitat loss and degradation pose significant threats to their population. The conversion of open grasslands and shrublands into agricultural land and urban development has resulted in the decline of suitable nesting and foraging habitats for the Blue Grosbeak. Additionally, they are vulnerable to predation by snakes, raccoons, and other nest predators.

Efforts are being made to conserve the Blue Grosbeak and its habitat. The protection and restoration of grassland habitats, as well as the establishment of conservation areas, are essential for the long-term survival of this species. Ongoing research and monitoring of their population dynamics and habitat requirements are crucial to inform conservation strategies. By understanding their nesting habits and addressing the threats they face, we can contribute to the preservation of this beautiful bird and ensure that future generations can continue to admire their striking blue eggs and melodious songs.

Eastern Blue Jay

An image showcasing the majestic Eastern Blue Jay perched on a delicate tree branch, surrounded by lush green foliage, while it proudly displays its exquisite sky-blue egg nestled in a meticulously woven nest

The Eastern Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) is a striking bird species known for its vibrant blue plumage and distinct crest, found primarily in eastern and central parts of North America. These birds are medium-sized, measuring around 9-12 inches in length, with a wingspan of about 13-17 inches.

The Eastern Blue Jay is easily recognizable by its blue feathers, which vary in shade from pale to deep blue, and its black necklace-like markings around its neck. Their crest, which can be raised or lowered, adds to their unique appearance. While the Eastern Blue Jay is admired for its beauty, it is also known for its loud and distinctive call.

In terms of their nesting habits, Eastern Blue Jays build their nests in trees, using a combination of twigs, grass, and mud. The female Eastern Blue Jay typically lays 2-7 eggs, which are pale blue with brown speckles. These eggs are incubated for around 17-18 days. The Eastern Blue Jay is one of several bird species that lay blue eggs, adding to the beauty and diversity of avian reproduction.

Tufted Titmouse

An image capturing the vibrant, delicate beauty of a Tufted Titmouse perched on a mossy branch, while showcasing its striking blue eggs nestled within a meticulously woven nest

Moving on to another bird species that lays blue eggs, we now turn our attention to the Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor), a small woodland bird found in eastern and central parts of North America. The Tufted Titmouse is known for its distinctive crest on its head, which gives it a tufted appearance.

These birds are cavity nesters, meaning they build their nests in tree cavities or nest boxes. The nests are typically made of grass, moss, and other plant materials, lined with softer materials like fur or feathers.

Tufted Titmice are social birds and often form small flocks, foraging together for insects, seeds, and nuts. They have a varied diet that includes beetles, caterpillars, berries, and acorns. These birds are known for their agile and acrobatic foraging behaviors, often hanging upside down to reach their food.

Tree Swallow

An image showcasing a graceful Tree Swallow perched on a moss-covered branch, vividly displaying its lustrous blue eggs nestled in a delicate nest woven with soft feathers and twigs

What distinguishes the Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) from other birds that lay blue eggs?

The Tree Swallow is a small bird species that is known for its vibrant blue eggs. These eggs are a result of the female’s unique reproductive system, which secretes a pigment called biliverdin that gives the eggs their blue coloration.

Tree Swallows are cavity nesters, meaning they build their nests in tree cavities or nest boxes. They are highly adaptable and can be found nesting in a variety of habitats, including forests, wetlands, and open fields.

During the breeding season, Tree Swallows exhibit strong pair bonds and engage in elaborate courtship displays. They are also known for their long-distance migration patterns, with some individuals traveling thousands of miles to their wintering grounds in Central and South America.

Barn Swallow

An image showcasing the captivating beauty of a Barn Swallow's nest, adorned with delicate blue eggs

With its distinct forked tail and rust-colored underparts, the Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) is a migratory bird species known for its intricate mud nests and exceptional aerial acrobatics. These swallows are widespread throughout North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa, and are commonly found in open habitats such as fields, meadows, and wetlands.

The male Barn Swallow has a vibrant blue back and wings, while the female’s coloring is slightly duller. These birds are known for their graceful flight patterns and impressive hunting skills, often catching insects mid-air.

Interestingly, the Barn Swallow’s blue eggs are similar in color to those of the American Robin, another bird species known for its blue eggs. This adaptation may provide camouflage and protection for the eggs in their nests.

Violet-green Swallow

An image capturing the vibrant beauty of a nesting Violet-green Swallow, showcasing its iridescent green feathers and delicate blue eggs nestled in a moss-covered nest, suspended among lush foliage

The Violet-green Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina) is a migratory bird species that is characterized by its vibrant plumage and unique nesting behaviors. Found in North America, this small bird is known for its distinctive coloration of violet-green feathers on its upperparts and white underparts. During the breeding season, the male Violet-green Swallow performs aerial displays to attract a mate, showcasing its agility and acrobatic flight.

When it comes to migration patterns, the Violet-green Swallow undertakes an impressive journey. It spends the winter in Central America, Mexico, and parts of South America, and then migrates north to breed in the western regions of North America during the spring and summer months. These swallows are highly skilled fliers, covering long distances as they navigate their way to their breeding grounds.

In terms of nesting behavior, the Violet-green Swallow constructs its nests in cavities, such as tree hollows or man-made structures like nest boxes. They are known to be adaptable in their choice of nesting sites, often utilizing available spaces to create their nests. The female Violet-green Swallow lays a clutch of 3-6 white eggs, which are incubated by both parents. Once the eggs hatch, the parents work together to feed the chicks a diet consisting mainly of insects.

To summarize, the Violet-green Swallow is a migratory bird species with vibrant plumage and unique nesting behaviors. Its migration patterns take it from wintering grounds in Central and South America to breeding grounds in western North America. This swallow exhibits adaptability in its choice of nesting sites and engages in cooperative parenting to raise its young.

Eurasian Blue Tit

An image showcasing the enchanting Eurasian Blue Tit, perched on a delicate branch amidst a sea of vibrant blue eggs

The Eurasian Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) is a small passerine bird species known for its vibrant blue and yellow plumage. These birds are found across Europe, Asia, and parts of North Africa.

Eurasian Blue Tits are cavity nesters, meaning they build their nests in tree holes, crevices, or nest boxes. They construct their nests using grass, moss, and feathers, and line them with fur or feathers for insulation.

In terms of diet, Eurasian Blue Tits are primarily insectivorous, feeding on caterpillars, spiders, and various insects. They also consume seeds, berries, and fruits, especially during colder months when insects are scarce.

Conservation status of the Eurasian Blue Tit is currently of least concern, as their population is stable. However, they face threats such as habitat loss due to deforestation and urbanization. Pesticide use can also negatively impact their food sources.

Efforts are being made to protect their natural habitats and promote the use of nest boxes to provide alternative nesting sites. Continued conservation efforts are essential to ensure the long-term survival of this beautiful species.

Eastern Blue-winged Teal

An image showcasing the Eastern Blue-winged Teal, a small waterfowl species known for its striking blue eggs

Nestled among the diverse array of bird species that lay blue eggs, the Eastern Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors) stands out with its distinctively patterned plumage and unique breeding habits.

The Eastern Blue-winged Teal is a small dabbling duck found in North America. Males have a striking combination of sky-blue and white feathers on their wings, which contrast with their cinnamon-colored head and neck. Females, on the other hand, have a mottled brown plumage that provides camouflage during nesting.

Eastern Blue-winged Teals are known for their variation in egg color, ranging from pale green-blue to deep turquoise-blue. They typically build their nests on the ground near water, concealed by vegetation. These ducks are monogamous and form pairs during the breeding season, with the male actively defending the nesting territory.

The female Eastern Blue-winged Teal lays a clutch of 7-10 eggs and incubates them for about 23-24 days. Once hatched, the ducklings are able to leave the nest almost immediately and join their mother in search of food.

The Eastern Blue-winged Teal’s unique combination of striking plumage, variation in egg color, and nesting habits make it a fascinating species to study and observe.

Blue-headed Vireo

An image showcasing the stunning Blue-headed Vireo perched on a delicate branch amidst a lush green forest

The Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius) is a migratory songbird species known for its vibrant blue crown and its melodic, flute-like song. This small bird is a member of the Vireonidae family and can be found in the forests of North America. During the breeding season, the Blue-headed Vireo nests in coniferous or mixed forests, where it builds a cup-shaped nest using twigs, moss, and spider webs. The bird’s migration patterns are fascinating, as it travels from its breeding grounds in Canada and the northern United States to its wintering grounds in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. The Blue-headed Vireo prefers to forage in the upper canopy of trees, feeding on insects, spiders, and small fruits. Its presence in an area can indicate the health and diversity of the forest ecosystem.

Common Name Scientific Name Habitat Migration
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Coniferous and mixed forests Migratory, breeds in Canada and northern US, winters in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean


An image showcasing the Bufflehead, a small diving duck with an enchanting blue egg

Moving on from the Blue-headed Vireo, let us now explore the Bufflehead, a fascinating species of bird that also lays blue eggs. The Bufflehead, scientifically known as Bucephala albeola, is a small diving duck found in North America. This striking bird gets its name from the large, puffy head of the males, which is covered in black feathers.

Buffleheads are migratory birds, spending their breeding season in the northern parts of North America and their winter season in the southern parts. They have distinct migration patterns, traveling in large flocks along coastal areas and inland lakes.

When it comes to nesting habits, Buffleheads prefer to nest in tree cavities, particularly those created by woodpeckers. They line their nests with down feathers and lay a clutch of 6-11 eggs, which are pale blue in color. The female Bufflehead incubates the eggs for about a month until they hatch.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!