Top 15 Types Of Birds In Northeast Ohio (with Photos)

The diverse avian population in Northeast Ohio offers a captivating glimpse into the region’s natural wonders. From the majestic Bald Eagle soaring high above to the delicate Ruby-throated Hummingbird flitting amongst vibrant blooms, the variety of bird species found here is truly remarkable.

As we explore the different types of birds that call this area home, we will uncover fascinating facts about each species and discover the unique roles they play in maintaining the delicate balance of our local ecosystem.

So, let us embark on this journey together, and be prepared to encounter some extraordinary feathered creatures that will both surprise and inspire.

Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a majestic bird of prey commonly found in the Northeast Ohio region. This iconic species has been the focus of extensive conservation efforts due to its historical decline and endangered status. Eagle conservation efforts have included habitat restoration, protection of nesting sites, and the reduction of threats such as pesticide use and illegal hunting.

Bald eagles are known for their unique nesting habits. They build large nests, known as eyries, typically in tall trees near bodies of water. These nests are often reused year after year and can reach impressive sizes, weighing up to a ton. The female eagle lays one to three eggs per year, and both parents take turns incubating them until they hatch.

Understanding and preserving the bald eagle’s nesting habits is crucial for the continued success of conservation efforts.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

An image capturing the vibrant essence of a Ruby-throated Hummingbird in Northeast Ohio: a tiny, iridescent jewel-like bird suspended mid-air, delicate wings beating rapidly, as it hovers near a vibrant red trumpet vine

One of the smallest bird species in Northeast Ohio, the Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) is a remarkable creature known for its vibrant plumage and unique flying abilities. These tiny birds measure only 3-4 inches in length and weigh about 3-4 grams.

Despite their small size, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are known for their long-distance migration. They spend their summers in Ohio, where they breed and raise their young. In the fall, they embark on an incredible journey, flying nonstop for up to 20 hours across the Gulf of Mexico to reach their wintering grounds in Central America.

When it comes to mating, the male Ruby-throated Hummingbirds engage in an elaborate courtship display. They perform aerial acrobatics, flying in U-shaped patterns and making high-pitched sounds to attract females. Once a pair mates, the female constructs a tiny cup-shaped nest using spider silk and plant material. She lays two pea-sized eggs, which she incubates for about 12-14 days. The male has no role in incubation but may help defend the nest.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is truly a fascinating species, both in its remarkable migration patterns and intricate mating behavior.

American Robin

An image showcasing the vibrant American Robin of Northeast Ohio

The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird species commonly found in Northeast Ohio and across North America. These birds are known for their distinctive orange-red breasts and melodious songs. American Robins can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, suburban areas, and city parks. They prefer open areas with short grass, as this allows them to easily find worms and insects, which make up a large part of their diet. During the breeding season, American Robins build cup-shaped nests made of grass, mud, and twigs, usually located in trees or shrubs. In terms of migration patterns, American Robins typically spend their winters in the southern United States or Mexico, and return to their breeding grounds in the spring. They are considered early migrants, often one of the first species to arrive in Northeast Ohio as a sign of spring.

American Robin
Size 25-28 cm
Weight 77-85 grams
Lifespan Up to 14 years

Red-tailed Hawk

An image capturing the majestic flight of a Red-tailed Hawk in Northeast Ohio

As we shift our focus to the Red-tailed Hawk, a remarkable raptor species commonly found in Northeast Ohio, we encounter a bird with impressive aerial prowess and a distinctive red tail that sets it apart from other birds of prey.

The Red-tailed Hawk is known for its hunting habits, which primarily involve soaring high in the sky and scanning the ground for potential prey. With its keen eyesight and powerful talons, it can catch a variety of small mammals, birds, and reptiles.

In terms of migration patterns, Red-tailed Hawks are known to be partially migratory in Northeast Ohio, meaning that some individuals may migrate while others remain in the area throughout the year. The exact timing and distances of their migrations can vary depending on factors such as food availability and weather conditions.

Eastern Bluebird

An image capturing the vibrant beauty of an Eastern Bluebird perched on a blooming dogwood tree branch, against a serene backdrop of rolling green hills and a vivid blue sky in Northeast Ohio

With its vibrant blue plumage and melodious song, the Eastern Bluebird is a visually stunning and melodically gifted avian species that thrives in the diverse habitats of Northeast Ohio. These small birds, measuring around six to eight inches in length, are commonly found in open woodlands, meadows, and farmlands, where they can easily spot and catch their preferred prey of insects and small fruits.

Eastern Bluebirds are cavity nesters, meaning they prefer to build their nests in pre-existing cavities such as tree cavities or nest boxes. They are known to be territorial and will defend their nesting sites vigorously. These birds typically lay 4-6 pale blue eggs, which are incubated by the female for about two weeks. Once hatched, both parents take turns feeding the chicks until they fledge after about 17-21 days.

While some Eastern Bluebirds are permanent residents in Northeast Ohio, others migrate southward during the winter months. They can be found in various wintering grounds, including parts of the southeastern United States, Mexico, and Central America. During migration, these birds form flocks and travel in a southwesterly direction, taking advantage of favorable weather conditions and food resources along their journey.

Pileated Woodpecker

An image capturing the vibrant plumage and impressive size of a Pileated Woodpecker, with its striking black and white body, bold red crest, and long chisel-like bill, perched on a towering tree trunk in a Northeast Ohio forest

The largest woodpecker species in North America, the Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus), is a fascinating and iconic bird found in the forests of Northeast Ohio. With its striking appearance and distinctive behavior, the Pileated Woodpecker is a favorite among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

The Pileated Woodpecker typically inhabits mature forests with a mix of large trees, where it relies on dead or dying trees for nesting and foraging. Its diet mainly consists of carpenter ants and wood-boring beetle larvae, which it extracts from the trees using its powerful bill. The bird’s large size and strong beak allow it to excavate deep holes in search of food.

In terms of conservation status, the Pileated Woodpecker is considered a species of least concern. Its population has been relatively stable over the years, and it benefits from the protection of forested areas. However, habitat loss and fragmentation remain potential threats to this magnificent bird. Continued efforts to preserve and restore forests in Northeast Ohio will be crucial for ensuring the long-term survival of the Pileated Woodpecker and its ecosystem.

Carolina Chickadee

An image capturing the Carolina Chickadee in Northeast Ohio's lush surroundings

The Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis) is another notable avian species found in the forests of Northeast Ohio, complementing the diverse bird population alongside the Pileated Woodpecker. Known for its distinctive black cap and bib, this small songbird is a common resident in the region.

The Carolina Chickadee has interesting nesting habits. They typically excavate cavities in dead trees or use existing natural cavities for their nests. The female builds the nest using moss, bark, and other plant materials, and lines it with softer materials such as animal fur. These nests provide protection and insulation for the eggs and nestlings.

In terms of diet preferences, the Carolina Chickadee primarily feeds on insects, spiders, and seeds. They are known to forage in small flocks, often hanging upside down while searching for insects on tree branches. During winter, they rely more on seeds and berries for sustenance.

Here is a table summarizing the nesting habits and diet preferences of the Carolina Chickadee:

Nesting Habits Diet Preferences
Carolina Chickadee Excavates cavities in dead trees or uses natural cavities Insects, spiders, seeds, and berries

The Carolina Chickadee plays an important role in maintaining the ecological balance of Northeast Ohio’s forests. Their nesting habits and diet preferences contribute to the overall biodiversity and ecosystem health in the region.

Northern Cardinal

An image capturing the vibrant beauty of a male Northern Cardinal perched on a snow-covered branch, its scarlet plumage contrasting against the white backdrop, showcasing the iconic bird of Northeast Ohio

A prominent and visually striking bird species found in Northeast Ohio is the Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis), known for its vibrant red plumage and distinctive crest. The Northern Cardinal is a medium-sized songbird that is commonly seen in backyards, parks, and woodlands throughout the region.

Male cardinals are easily recognizable with their bright red feathers, while females have a more subdued coloration with a mix of gray, brown, and reddish hues. These birds are known for their beautiful songs, which consist of various whistles, trills, and chirps.

For birdwatching enthusiasts in Northeast Ohio, the Northern Cardinal is a popular sight and can be easily spotted by its striking appearance and melodious calls. Additionally, the presence of Northern Cardinals in an area is often an indicator of a healthy ecosystem.

As part of bird conservation efforts, it is important to provide suitable habitat and food sources for these birds, such as bird feeders filled with sunflower seeds or safflower seeds. By supporting these conservation measures, birdwatchers can help ensure the long-term survival of the Northern Cardinal and other bird species in Northeast Ohio.

Yellow Warbler

An image capturing the vibrant beauty of a Yellow Warbler perched on a blooming willow branch against a backdrop of lush green foliage, showcasing its lemon-yellow plumage and distinct black eye mask

Found in Northeast Ohio, the Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia) is a small migratory songbird known for its vibrant yellow plumage and melodic warbling calls. This species undergoes long-distance migration, spending its breeding season in North America and wintering in Central and South America.

Yellow Warblers arrive in Northeast Ohio in late April or early May and depart in September. During the breeding season, these birds can be found in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands, shrubby areas, and wetlands. They build cup-shaped nests in dense vegetation, typically in low trees or shrubs.

Male Yellow Warblers establish territories and attract mates through their distinctive songs. Females lay 3-5 eggs and are responsible for incubation. Once the eggs hatch, both parents share the responsibilities of feeding and caring for the young, ensuring their survival and successful fledging.

Great Blue Heron

An image capturing the elegance of a Great Blue Heron in Northeast Ohio: A tall, slender bird with a wingspan spanning over 6 feet, gracefully wading through the wetlands, its majestic form reflected in the serene water below

In the wetlands of Northeast Ohio, the majestic Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) can be observed gracefully patrolling the waters with its long, slender legs and impressive wingspan. This iconic bird is known for its striking appearance and unique behaviors.

Great Blue Herons are colonial nesters, often building their large stick nests in trees near water bodies. They prefer nesting in colonies, known as rookeries, where they can find safety in numbers. These rookeries are typically found in secluded areas, away from human disturbance.

When it comes to feeding, the Great Blue Heron is an opportunistic hunter. It employs a variety of techniques to catch its prey, which mainly consists of fish, amphibians, and small mammals. Standing perfectly still in shallow water, the heron patiently waits for its prey to come within striking distance. With lightning-fast reflexes, it plunges its sharp bill into the water, grabbing its meal with precision.

This feeding behavior is not only efficient but also fascinating to observe.

Baltimore Oriole

An image capturing the vibrant, orange and black plumage of a Baltimore Oriole perched on a flowering dogwood branch, with its slender beak delicately extracting nectar from a trumpet-shaped blossom

The diverse avian inhabitants of Northeast Ohio also include the vibrant Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), a striking songbird that adds a burst of color and melodious tunes to the region’s natural tapestry.

Baltimore Orioles are primarily found in deciduous forests, woodlands, and the edges of open areas such as meadows and orchards. They prefer nesting in tall trees, constructing their hanging nests at the tips of branches.

These birds are known for their distinctive migration patterns. They spend their winters in Central America and migrate to the Great Lakes region, including Northeast Ohio, during the spring and summer months to breed and raise their young. Their migration route often takes them through the Gulf Coast of North America, where they can be seen in large numbers during their spring and fall migrations.

Common Loon

An image showcasing the vibrant plumage of a Common Loon gliding gracefully across Lake Erie, its sleek black and white body contrasting against the clear blue water and lush green shoreline of Northeast Ohio

With its haunting calls and striking appearance, the Common Loon (Gavia immer) captures the attention of bird enthusiasts in Northeast Ohio. This large, diving waterbird is known for its distinctive black and white plumage, red eyes, and dagger-like bill. The Common Loon can be found in a variety of aquatic habitats, including lakes, ponds, and rivers, making it a common sight throughout the region.

During the breeding season, these birds establish territories on freshwater lakes, where they build nests near the water’s edge. In the winter months, Common Loons migrate to coastal areas and large bodies of water, such as the Great Lakes, where they can find an abundance of fish, their primary food source. Their migratory patterns take them southward to warmer regions, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic coast.

Understanding the habitat and migration patterns of the Common Loon provides valuable insights into the behavior and conservation of this remarkable bird species.

American Goldfinch

 the vibrant charm of the American Goldfinch, native to Northeast Ohio

The American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis) is a small songbird characterized by its vibrant yellow plumage, contrasting black wings, and distinctive twittering call. This species has a fascinating life cycle that begins with courtship displays in the late spring and early summer. The male performs an elaborate flight pattern, accompanied by a series of melodious songs, to attract a mate. Once a pair bonds, they build a cup-shaped nest made of plant fibers and line it with soft materials like thistle down. The female lays a clutch of 3-7 pale blue eggs, which she incubates for about two weeks. After the eggs hatch, both parents share the responsibility of feeding the chicks a diet consisting mainly of seeds and insects. The young birds fledge after about two weeks and become independent shortly thereafter.

American Goldfinches are commonly found in open habitats such as meadows, fields, and gardens with plenty of shrubs and trees for nesting. They have a preference for areas with abundant thistle, sunflowers, and other plants that provide a good source of seeds. These birds are well-adapted to their environment and have a specialized bill that allows them to extract seeds from various types of plants. They also require a water source nearby for drinking and bathing. During the breeding season, goldfinches tend to select habitats with dense vegetation for nesting, providing shelter and protection from predators. In the winter, they often form flocks and can be seen in a variety of habitats, including woodland edges and fields.

Eastern Screech Owl

An image capturing the mesmerizing beauty of an Eastern Screech Owl in Northeast Ohio

Nestled among the trees of Northeast Ohio, the Eastern Screech Owl (Megascops asio) silently hunts its prey under the cover of darkness. With its distinctive call resembling a horse’s whinny, this small-sized owl is a common resident in the region. The Eastern Screech Owl is known for its ability to adapt to various habitats, including forests, parks, and suburban areas. This adaptability allows it to thrive in the diverse landscape of Northeast Ohio.

In terms of behavior, the Eastern Screech Owl is primarily nocturnal, using its exceptional night vision and acute hearing to locate its prey. It feeds on a variety of small animals, including mice, insects, and even small birds. This owl is also known for its choice of nesting sites, often utilizing tree cavities or nest boxes. By utilizing these hidden locations, the Eastern Screech Owl ensures the safety and protection of its young from predators.

To further understand the Eastern Screech Owl and its behavior, the following table provides a visual representation of its preferred habitats and nesting preferences:

Bird Behavior Owl Habitats
Nocturnal Forests
Suburban areas
Nesting Tree cavities
Preferences Nest boxes

Red-winged Blackbird

An image showcasing the vibrant beauty of a male Red-winged Blackbird perched on a cattail, with its striking red and yellow shoulder patches on full display, against a backdrop of the serene wetlands of Northeast Ohio

Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) are a common sight in Northeast Ohio, as they inhabit a wide range of both natural and human-altered habitats. These birds typically prefer wetlands, marshes, and open fields with tall grasses and reeds. They can also be found near lakes, rivers, and even in agricultural areas.

During the breeding season, male Red-winged Blackbirds display their striking plumage, which consists of glossy black feathers with distinctive red and yellow shoulder patches. They use these patches to establish and defend their territories, attracting females through their elaborate song displays.

Red-winged Blackbirds are known for their unique breeding behavior, which involves a polygynous mating system. A male will typically mate with multiple females and defend his territory from other males. The females build cup-shaped nests in dense vegetation near the ground, where they lay their eggs.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!