Top 15 Types Of Birds In New Brunswick (with Photos)

New Brunswick, a province in Canada, is a haven for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike. Its diverse landscape and rich ecosystem provide a habitat for a wide variety of bird species. From majestic raptors to tiny hummingbirds, the avian population in New Brunswick is a testament to the harmony between nature and wildlife.

In this discussion, we will explore some of the fascinating types of birds that call New Brunswick their home, revealing their unique characteristics and the importance of their presence in this beautiful province.

So, let’s embark on a journey through the skies of New Brunswick, where every winged creature has a story to tell and a role to play.

Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a majestic and powerful bird of prey found in the province of New Brunswick. It exhibits distinct characteristics and behaviors that make it a fascinating species to study.

Conservation efforts have been crucial in preserving the population of this iconic bird. The bald eagle was previously on the brink of extinction due to factors such as habitat loss and pesticide use.

The bald eagle is commonly found near bodies of water, including rivers, lakes, and coastal areas. These locations provide an abundant food supply of fish for the eagle. Its large size, impressive wingspan, and sharp talons enable it to soar through the skies and hunt with remarkable agility.

Additionally, the bald eagle is known for its impressive courtship displays. These displays involve elaborate aerial acrobatics and vocalizations. They are a key part of the bald eagle’s mating rituals.

Understanding the bald eagle’s habitat requirements and behavior is crucial for effective conservation measures. These measures aim to ensure the long-term survival of this magnificent species.

Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

An image showcasing the vibrant beauty of a Ruby-Throated Hummingbird in flight, its iridescent emerald-green feathers glistening under the sunlight, and its delicate, needle-like beak poised for a sip of nectar from a blooming wildflower

The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) is a fascinating and diminutive bird species found in the province of New Brunswick, known for its vibrant red throat and remarkable aerial maneuverability. These tiny birds measure only 3 to 3.75 inches in length and weigh less than a nickel. Despite their small size, they are known for their incredible migration patterns and feeding habits.

Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds are migratory birds, spending winters in Central America and Mexico, and traveling thousands of miles each year to breed in eastern North America. They have the remarkable ability to fly non-stop for up to 18 to 20 hours during migration, relying on nectar from flowers to fuel their journey.

Feeding habits are an essential aspect of the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird’s life. These birds primarily feed on nectar from various flowering plants, using their long, slender bills to sip the sugary liquid. They also consume small insects and spiders as a source of protein, especially during nesting season when they need to provide for their young.

To emphasize the migration patterns and feeding habits of the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, the following table provides a summary of their journey and dietary preferences:

Migration Patterns Feeding Habits
Winter in Central America and Mexico Nectar from flowering plants
Travel thousands of miles to breed in eastern North America Small insects and spiders
Fly non-stop for up to 18-20 hours Source of protein for nesting season

Atlantic Puffin

An image capturing the vibrant Atlantic Puffin, its vibrant orange beak contrasting against a black and white body, standing majestically on a rocky cliff overlooking the crashing waves of the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick

Known for its striking appearance and unique nesting habits, the Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica) is a captivating seabird species found along the coast of New Brunswick. These charismatic birds are easily recognized by their black and white plumage, colorful beak, and distinctive facial markings.

Unfortunately, the Atlantic Puffin is currently listed as a species of concern due to its declining population and vulnerable breeding habitats. These birds typically breed in large colonies on remote coastal islands, where they excavate burrows in the soil or use rocky crevices for nesting.

Puffins are monogamous and return to the same breeding site year after year. They lay a single egg and both parents take turns incubating it. Once the chick hatches, both parents participate in feeding and caring for their offspring.

Protecting the breeding habitats of the Atlantic Puffin is crucial for their continued survival and conservation efforts are needed to ensure their future in New Brunswick.

American Goldfinch

An image capturing the vibrant plumage of an American Goldfinch perched on a sunflower, surrounded by lush green foliage, against the backdrop of a clear blue sky in New Brunswick's serene countryside

With its vibrant plumage and distinctive song, the American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis) adds a burst of color and a melodic presence to the bird population in New Brunswick.

This small songbird is easily recognized by its bright yellow feathers, contrasting with its black wings and cap. The American Goldfinch is known for its acrobatic flight and can be seen gracefully flitting from tree to tree, often in small flocks.

During the breeding season, the males display their vibrant yellow plumage to attract females. They build their nests in shrubs and trees, creating a cup-shaped structure made of plant fibers and lined with soft materials such as thistle down. The female lays four to six pale blue eggs and both parents take turns incubating them.

The American Goldfinch is a delight to observe as it gracefully navigates the New Brunswick landscape and sings its cheerful melodies.

Common Loon

An image showcasing the elegant Common Loon in its natural habitat, capturing its sleek black and white plumage, striking red eyes, and its elongated body gliding effortlessly across the crystal-clear waters of New Brunswick's lakes

A familiar sight on the lakes and rivers of New Brunswick, the Common Loon (Gavia immer) is a majestic and iconic bird known for its striking appearance and haunting calls. During the breeding season, these birds can be spotted in their breeding territories, which are usually located near bodies of water.

The Common Loon builds its nest near the water’s edge, typically close to dense vegetation or on floating platforms. Their nests are built using materials such as reeds, grass, and twigs.

Once the breeding season ends, Common Loons undertake long-distance migrations, traveling to their wintering grounds along the coast or on large bodies of water. These birds are highly adapted for swimming and diving, with their webbed feet and streamlined bodies enabling them to navigate the water with ease.

The Common Loon’s migration patterns vary, with some individuals migrating short distances and others traveling as far as the Gulf of Mexico or the Atlantic coast.

Red-Tailed Hawk

An image showcasing a majestic Red-Tailed Hawk soaring through the cloud-dappled sky over New Brunswick's vibrant autumn landscape, its fiery-red tail feathers elegantly spread, capturing the essence of this iconic bird

The avian biodiversity of New Brunswick extends beyond the serene presence of the Common Loon, as the region is also home to the magnificent Red-Tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis). This large bird of prey is easily recognizable by its distinctive red tail feathers. Red-Tailed Hawks are known for their impressive migration patterns, covering long distances during their annual journeys. They are highly adaptable and can be found in various habitats, including forests, grasslands, and even urban areas. When it comes to hunting, Red-Tailed Hawks showcase remarkable behavior. They have excellent eyesight and use their sharp talons to catch a wide range of prey, including small mammals, birds, and reptiles. With their hunting prowess and majestic appearance, the Red-Tailed Hawk is a captivating species that adds to the avian diversity of New Brunswick.

Red-Tailed Hawk
Scientific Name Buteo jamaicensis
Migration Patterns Impressive, covering long distances
Hunting Behavior Excellent eyesight, sharp talons, catch a wide range of prey

Great Blue Heron

An image capturing the majestic silhouette of a Great Blue Heron, standing tall on one leg in the marshes of New Brunswick

The presence of the Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) enriches the avian diversity of New Brunswick with its imposing stature and distinctive hunting techniques. This large wading bird is commonly found in wetland habitats throughout the province.

The Great Blue Heron is often seen standing still near the water’s edge, patiently waiting for prey to pass by. Its diet primarily consists of fish, but it is also known to consume amphibians, reptiles, small mammals, and even birds.

With its long legs and sharp beak, the heron is a formidable predator, capable of catching its prey with lightning-fast strikes. The Great Blue Heron’s ability to adapt to various habitats and its efficient hunting techniques make it a fascinating and important species in the diverse bird community of New Brunswick.

Black-Capped Chickadee

An image capturing the lively charm of a Black-Capped Chickadee in its natural habitat

With its distinctive black cap and cheerful song, the Black-Capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) is a common and beloved resident of New Brunswick’s forests and woodlands. This small songbird is easily recognizable by its black cap and bib, white cheeks, and grayish-brown back. The Black-Capped Chickadee has a range of behavioral patterns that make it a fascinating species to observe. It is known for its acrobatic foraging behavior, often hanging upside-down to search for food. These birds are also highly social and form flocks, communicating through a variety of calls and songs. In terms of habitat preferences, the Black-Capped Chickadee is adaptable and can be found in a variety of forested areas, including coniferous, deciduous, and mixed forests. They are particularly fond of areas with dense vegetation and dead trees, as these provide ample nesting sites and food sources.

Behavioral Patterns Habitat Preferences
1 Acrobatic foraging Forested areas
2 Social behavior Coniferous forests
3 Vocal communication Deciduous forests
4 Nesting habits Mixed forests
5 Dense vegetation
6 Dead trees

Snowy Owl

An image showcasing the majestic Snowy Owl in its natural habitat in New Brunswick

Native to the Arctic regions, the Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus) is a majestic and highly-adapted bird species that captivates with its striking white plumage and piercing yellow eyes. Snowy owls are known for their unique behavior patterns, such as their solitary nature and exceptional hunting skills. They primarily inhabit open tundra areas, where they can find suitable prey, such as lemmings and other small mammals. These owls have a remarkable ability to withstand freezing temperatures, thanks to their thick feathers and insulated feet.

Snowy owls are also known for their impressive migration, as they travel long distances in search of food during the winter months. Some individuals have been observed migrating as far south as the northern United States.

Conservation efforts for snowy owls focus on protecting their fragile Arctic habitat and ensuring their prey populations remain stable. Climate change poses a significant threat to these birds, as it alters their habitat and affects their prey availability. Conservationists work to raise awareness about the importance of preserving Arctic ecosystems and advocate for sustainable practices that can help safeguard the future of these remarkable birds.

Canada Goose

An image showcasing the elegance of the Canada Goose in its natural habitat, displaying its striking black head with white cheeks, graceful long neck, sturdy brown body, and outspread wings glimmering with a hint of silver

Adapted to a variety of habitats across North America, the Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) is a large and distinct species of waterfowl that is known for its distinctive honking call and distinctive black head and neck. Canada Geese are found in a wide range of habitats, including lakes, rivers, marshes, fields, and even urban areas. They are highly adaptable and can be found in both rural and urban environments.

In terms of their migration patterns, Canada Geese are known for their long-distance migrations. They breed in the northern parts of North America, including Canada and Alaska, during the summer months. As the weather gets colder, they migrate southward to more temperate regions, such as the United States, to spend the winter. Some Canada Geese even migrate as far south as Mexico.

Their migration routes often follow traditional pathways, with established stopover sites where they rest and refuel along the way.


An image capturing the elegant silhouette of an Osprey in mid-flight, its outstretched wings casting a dramatic shadow on the shimmering waters of New Brunswick's pristine lakes, symbolizing resilience and grace

The Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) is a large raptor species that is renowned for its impressive hunting abilities and unique adaptations for catching fish. These birds are commonly found near bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, and coastlines, where they build their nests on tall structures, including trees, cliffs, and man-made platforms.

Ospreys have a distinctive appearance, with a white head, dark brown body, and a wingspan of up to six feet. They have keen eyesight and powerful talons, which enable them to spot and capture fish while in flight. When hunting, ospreys hover high above the water, then dive into the water feet-first to catch their prey. They are capable of catching fish weighing up to four pounds.

Ospreys are skilled hunters that exhibit fascinating nesting habits and employ unique hunting techniques to secure their primary food source, making them an intriguing species to observe in the wild.

White-Winged Crossbill

An image showcasing a vibrant White-Winged Crossbill perched on a spruce tree branch, its distinct red plumage contrasting against the snowy backdrop of New Brunswick's winter landscape

Continuing our exploration of the avian inhabitants of New Brunswick, we now turn our attention to the White-Winged Crossbill, a fascinating species known for its specialized beak adaptation.

The White-Winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera) is a medium-sized finch that is easily recognized by its crossed bill tips. This unique adaptation allows the bird to extract seeds from conifer cones with remarkable efficiency. The upper and lower mandibles of the beak cross over each other, enabling the bird to pry open the scales of the cones and reach the nutritious seeds inside. This specialized beak structure gives the White-Winged Crossbill a significant advantage in its foraging behavior.

As for its habitat preferences, the White-Winged Crossbill is commonly found in coniferous forests, particularly those dominated by spruce and pine trees. These birds are highly adapted to their forest environment, using their unique beaks to exploit the abundant food resources provided by conifer cones.

Yellow Warbler

An image that captures the vibrant essence of a Yellow Warbler in New Brunswick's lush forests

The Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia) is a small migratory songbird that can be found throughout New Brunswick, showcasing its vibrant yellow plumage and melodic vocalizations. This species is known for its extensive migration patterns, as it travels from its breeding grounds in North America to wintering sites in Central and South America. In New Brunswick, the arrival of Yellow Warblers is eagerly awaited each spring, signaling the return of warmer weather.

Yellow Warblers typically build their nests in shrubs and trees, often near wetlands or bodies of water. The female constructs a cup-shaped nest using fine plant materials and spider silk, which provides strength and elasticity to the nest structure. These nests are usually well-hidden and camouflaged among the foliage. Once the nest is built, the female lays a clutch of 3-5 eggs, which she incubates for about 10-12 days. After hatching, both parents work together to feed and care for the chicks until they are ready to fledge.

Northern Flicker

An image showcasing the vibrant plumage of a Northern Flicker, perched on a moss-covered tree branch amidst a lush forest backdrop in New Brunswick

Displaying a distinctive black crescent on its chest and a red patch on the nape, the Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) is a woodpecker species commonly found in the woodlands and open habitats of New Brunswick. With its vibrant plumage and unique markings, the Northern Flicker stands out among other avian species in the region.

The Northern Flicker is known for its interesting migration patterns. Unlike most woodpeckers, which are sedentary, Northern Flickers are migratory birds. They undertake long-distance journeys, with some individuals traveling as far south as Mexico during the winter months. This migratory behavior allows them to take advantage of seasonal food availability and breeding opportunities.

When it comes to nesting habits, Northern Flickers are cavity nesters. They excavate their own nest cavities, often in dead or decaying trees. These cavities are typically deep and can reach up to 15 inches in length. The female flicker lays 5 to 8 eggs, which she incubates for about 11 to 12 days. Both parents take turns feeding the hatchlings until they fledge, which usually occurs around 25 to 28 days after hatching.

Migration Patterns Nesting Habits
Long-distance journeys, migrating to Mexico during winter months Cavity nesters, excavating their own nest cavities in dead or decaying trees

American Robin

An image capturing the vibrant beauty of an American Robin perched on a moss-covered branch, its rust-colored breast contrasting against the lush green foliage, evoking the serene ambiance of New Brunswick's forests

With its distinct orange belly and grayish-brown upperparts, the American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a common sight in the woodlands and suburban areas of New Brunswick. This migratory bird is known for its distinctive song, which can be heard throughout the spring and summer months.

The American Robin follows a predictable migration pattern, spending the winter months in the southern United States and Mexico before returning to New Brunswick in the spring. During the breeding season, these robins can be found building their nests in a variety of locations, including trees, shrubs, and even on man-made structures such as buildings and lampposts.

The female robin constructs a cup-shaped nest using grass, leaves, and mud, and typically lays three to five blue eggs. It is fascinating to observe the American Robin’s nesting habits and witness their dedication to raising their young.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!