Top 15 Types Of Birds In Missouri (with Photos)

Missouri, nestled in the heartland of the United States, is a state that boasts a rich variety of bird species. From majestic raptors soaring through the skies to vibrant songbirds perched upon tree branches, the avian residents of Missouri captivate both seasoned birdwatchers and casual observers alike.

With each passing season, the state becomes a haven for a diverse array of feathered creatures, each with its own unique story to tell. In this discussion, we will explore some of the fascinating types of birds that call Missouri their home, offering glimpses into their behavior, habitats, and the vital role they play in the ecosystem.

As we embark on this journey, prepare to be enchanted by the wonders of Missouri's avian inhabitants and discover the hidden treasures that await in this avian paradise.

Bald Eagle

national bird of america

The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a majestic bird of prey that is commonly found in the state of Missouri. Conservation efforts have been crucial in protecting this iconic species, as it was once on the brink of extinction. Thanks to these efforts, the population of Bald Eagles has significantly increased over the years.

Bald Eagles require specific habitat requirements to thrive. They prefer to nest near large bodies of water, such as rivers, lakes, or reservoirs, where they can find an abundant food supply of fish. Additionally, they need tall trees or cliffs for nesting, as well as nearby open spaces for hunting.

Conservation efforts have focused on preserving suitable habitats for Bald Eagles, ensuring the availability of food sources, and safeguarding nesting sites. This includes managing and protecting riparian areas, wetlands, and forests that provide crucial nesting and foraging grounds for these magnificent birds.

Eastern Bluebird

beautiful bird with blue plumage

After exploring the conservation efforts for the Bald Eagle, we now turn our attention to the Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis), a vibrant and beloved species commonly found in Missouri. The Eastern Bluebird is known for its striking blue plumage, rusty red breast, and cheerful song. This small thrush species can be found in open woodlands, meadows, and farmlands throughout the state. Eastern Bluebirds prefer nesting in cavities, such as tree hollows or man-made nest boxes. Their diet primarily consists of insects, including beetles, grasshoppers, and caterpillars. They also feed on berries and fruits, especially during the winter when insects are scarce. Eastern Bluebirds play an important role in controlling insect populations, making them beneficial to farmers and gardeners alike.

Eastern Bluebird Habitat Eastern Bluebird Diet
Open woodlands Insects
Meadows Beetles
Farmlands Grasshoppers
Berries and fruits

Northern Cardinal

bright red bird species

Native to North America, the Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a vibrant and iconic bird species that is widely recognized for its brilliant red plumage and melodious song. This bird is commonly found in woodlands, forests, and suburban areas throughout Missouri. The Northern Cardinal prefers habitats with dense vegetation, such as shrubs and thickets, where it can find ample cover and nesting sites. It is commonly seen perched on tree branches or feeding on the ground, searching for seeds, fruits, and insects.

Breeding behavior in the Northern Cardinal is characterized by monogamy, with pairs forming strong bonds. The male cardinal is known for its territorial behavior, defending its nesting area against intruders. During courtship, the male will present the female with food and engage in elaborate displays of singing and wing-flapping. The female builds the nest using twigs, leaves, and grasses, usually in a dense shrub or tree. She lays a clutch of 2-5 eggs, which she incubates for about two weeks. Both parents participate in feeding and caring for the chicks until they fledge after approximately 10-11 days.

American Robin

common north american songbird

With its distinctive orange-red breast and cheerful song, the American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a common sight in Missouri's woodlands, suburban areas, and parks. This medium-sized songbird inhabits a variety of habitats, including forests, fields, gardens, and urban areas, making it adaptable and widespread throughout the state.

The American Robin is known for its characteristic behavior of hopping on the ground and pulling up earthworms, insects, and berries from the soil. It is an omnivore and feeds on a diverse diet that includes fruits, berries, insects, and earthworms.

The American Robin is also recognized for its migration patterns. During the breeding season, which typically begins in early spring, the robins migrate from their wintering grounds in the southern United States and Mexico, returning to their breeding grounds in Missouri. In the fall, they migrate back to their wintering grounds. These migrations can cover long distances, with some robins traveling up to 2,000 miles.

Their migration is influenced by the availability of food and weather conditions. Overall, the American Robin's habitat versatility and migratory behavior contribute to its success as a widespread and well-known bird species in Missouri.

Red-tailed Hawk

majestic bird of prey

The Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) is a majestic raptor that can often be spotted soaring high above the woodlands, suburban areas, and parks of Missouri, continuing the diverse avian population of the state. This bird is known for its striking appearance, with a reddish-brown tail that gives it its name. Red-tailed Hawks are highly adaptable and can be found in a range of habitats, from open fields to forests. They are skilled hunters, using a variety of techniques to catch their prey, including soaring, perching, and even hunting from the ground.

One interesting aspect of the Red-tailed Hawk's behavior is its migration patterns. While some individuals may remain in Missouri year-round, many will migrate southward during the winter months in search of warmer climates and ample food sources. These hawks are known for their impressive long-distance flights, sometimes traveling thousands of miles to reach their wintering grounds.

To further understand the Red-tailed Hawk and its characteristics, the table below highlights some key features and behaviors of this remarkable bird:

Feature/Behavior Description
Physical Appearance Large bird of prey with broad wings, typically measuring 18-26 inches in length and weighing 2-4 pounds. Adults have a reddish-brown tail and a dark brown body, while juveniles display a mottled brown and white plumage.
Hunting Techniques Red-tailed Hawks primarily hunt small mammals, such as mice, rabbits, and squirrels. They use their keen eyesight to spot prey from above and then swoop down to catch it with their sharp talons. They may also hunt birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
Nesting Habits These hawks build large stick nests in trees or on cliffs, often reusing the same nest year after year. They are known for their elaborate courtship displays, where the male performs aerial acrobatics to attract a mate. The female then lays 1-4 eggs, which are incubated for about a month before hatching.

Great Blue Heron

elegant bird with long neck

The Great Blue Heron, scientifically known as Ardea herodias, is a majestic wading bird that can often be found near bodies of water in Missouri. It is one of the largest birds in Missouri, standing at around 4 feet tall with a wingspan of up to 6 feet. Great Blue Herons are known for their distinctive blue-gray plumage, long legs, and dagger-like bill. These birds are solitary and are commonly seen hunting for fish, amphibians, and other small aquatic prey in shallow waters.

In terms of nesting habits, Great Blue Herons typically build their nests in tall trees near water bodies, using sticks and twigs. They often return to the same nesting site year after year, adding new materials to the nest each breeding season.

Great Blue Herons are migratory birds, with some populations in Missouri migrating south during the winter months. They can travel long distances, sometimes even crossing state and national borders.

Conservation efforts have been undertaken to protect the habitats of Great Blue Herons, as they are vulnerable to habitat loss and degradation. Wetland conservation projects aim to preserve and restore the habitats that these birds rely on for feeding and breeding. By protecting these habitats, we can ensure the continued presence of this magnificent species in Missouri.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

small bird with vibrant plumage

Are Ruby-throated Hummingbirds native to Missouri?

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris) are indeed native to Missouri. These tiny birds, known for their vibrant ruby-colored throats, are a common sight in the state during the warmer months. Understanding their migration patterns can help attract these delightful creatures to your backyard.

To better comprehend the migration patterns of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, here is a table summarizing their key behaviors:

Migration Pattern | Description

— | —

Spring Migration | Ruby-throated Hummingbirds typically arrive in Missouri around mid-April, after wintering in Central America.

Breeding Season | During the summer months, these hummingbirds establish their breeding territories in Missouri.

Fall Migration | Around September, they start their southward migration, traveling all the way to Mexico and Central America for the winter.

To attract Ruby-throated Hummingbirds to your garden, providing a suitable habitat is crucial. Planting nectar-rich flowers like bee balm, cardinal flower, and trumpet vine can serve as an enticing food source. Additionally, placing hummingbird feeders filled with sugar water can supplement their diet and increase their presence in your area.

Wild Turkey

bird species wild turkey

Native to Missouri, the Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is a remarkable bird species that holds great significance in the state's wildlife population. Known for its striking appearance and distinct gobbling calls, the Wild Turkey is a popular game bird for hunting enthusiasts in Missouri.

The state has a rich history of wild turkey hunting, with regulated seasons and bag limits in place to ensure sustainable populations. Wild turkey hunting not only provides recreational opportunities but also aids in wildlife management and conservation efforts.

Missouri has implemented various conservation programs to restore and maintain the population of wild turkeys, including habitat restoration, predator control, and captive breeding programs. These efforts have been successful, leading to a thriving wild turkey population in the state today.

The conservation of this iconic bird species reflects Missouri's commitment to preserving its diverse wildlife heritage.

Pileated Woodpecker

large red crested woodpecker

With its distinctive red crest and large size, the Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is a notable bird species found in Missouri. These woodpeckers prefer mature forests with large trees, where they can excavate nesting cavities in dead or decaying wood. They are often found in deciduous or mixed forests, as well as forested wetlands and river bottoms. Pileated Woodpeckers are cavity nesters, creating holes in trees for their nests. They typically excavate new cavities each year, and the old ones are used by other species.

The diet of the Pileated Woodpecker consists mainly of insects, including ants, beetles, and wood-boring larvae. They also consume fruits, nuts, and sap. Their feeding behavior involves using their strong bills to hammer and chisel into trees, creating rectangular-shaped holes in search of food. They may also strip bark off trees to access insect larvae.

Pileated Woodpeckers are skilled foragers and have a strong impact on forest ecosystems by controlling insect populations and creating habitats for other cavity-nesting species.

American Goldfinch

bright yellow bird species

The American Goldfinch, also known as Spinus tristis, is a small songbird commonly found in Missouri. These vibrant little birds are easily recognizable by their bright yellow plumage and black wings. They are often seen in open fields, meadows, and gardens where they feed on seeds from various plants, particularly thistles and sunflowers.

In order to protect American Goldfinch habitats, it is important to preserve and maintain the natural vegetation that provides them with food and shelter. This can be achieved by avoiding excessive use of pesticides and herbicides, as well as planting native plants that provide a diverse range of seeds for their consumption.

The American Goldfinch is known for its distinctive migration pattern. Unlike most birds, they do not migrate during the winter months. Instead, they migrate in late summer, moving from their breeding grounds in the northern parts of North America to the southern regions where they spend the winter. This migration is influenced by the availability of food sources, as they rely heavily on seeds for their diet.

Eastern Screech Owl

nocturnal owl with distinctive call

The Eastern Screech Owl, scientifically known as Megascops asio, is a nocturnal bird species commonly found in Missouri. It is a small owl, measuring about 7-10 inches in length with a wingspan of 18-24 inches. Eastern Screech Owls have two color morphs, red and gray, which help them blend seamlessly with their surroundings.

In terms of habitat and nesting habits, Eastern Screech Owls are highly adaptable and can be found in various environments including woodlands, forests, suburban areas, and parks. They typically nest in tree cavities, using abandoned woodpecker holes or natural hollows. These owls are known for their exceptional camouflage, making it difficult to spot them during the day.

As for their diet and hunting techniques, Eastern Screech Owls are primarily carnivorous. Their diet consists of small mammals such as mice, voles, and shrews, along with insects, birds, and amphibians. They are skilled hunters, relying on their excellent hearing and silent flight to surprise their prey. These owls perch on branches and swoop down to catch their prey with their sharp talons.

Baltimore Oriole

bird species in baltimore

Native to Missouri, the Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula) is a vibrant songbird species known for its distinctive orange and black plumage. This medium-sized bird is a member of the New World blackbird family and can be found in wooded areas, gardens, and orchards across the state.

The Baltimore Oriole has an interesting life cycle, with breeding typically occurring from late April to early July. Females build intricate hanging nests made of plant fibers, which are often woven onto the outer branches of trees. The female lays 3-7 eggs, which hatch after an incubation period of around 12-14 days. The young birds fledge after approximately 12-14 days and are then cared for by both parents.

In terms of migration patterns, most Baltimore Orioles spend the winter in Central and South America, returning to Missouri in the spring to breed. They follow a migratory route known as the 'Gulf Coast Flyway,' which takes them through Mexico and Central America.

Purple Martin

bird species with purple plumage

With its distinctive purple plumage and unique nesting habits, the Purple Martin (Progne subis) is an intriguing bird species that can be found in Missouri. Attracting purple martins has become a popular activity among bird enthusiasts in the state. These birds are cavity nesters and require special housing structures, such as multi-compartment birdhouses or gourd racks, to encourage their presence. Providing ample nesting sites and practicing proper maintenance, such as regular cleaning and predator control, can increase the chances of attracting purple martins.

Studying purple martin migration patterns is crucial for understanding their behavior and conservation. Scientists have discovered that purple martins are long-distance migrants, spending their winters in South America and returning to North America for breeding season. By tracking their migration routes and timing, researchers can identify important stopover sites and conservation areas to ensure the survival of this species.

American Woodcock

unique bird with long beak

American Woodcock, also known as the timberdoodle, is a migratory bird species that can be found in Missouri. These unique birds are known for their peculiar behavior and habitat preferences. American Woodcocks can be found in moist, dense woodlands with soft soil, where they forage for earthworms and other invertebrates using their long, sensitive bills. They have a distinct feeding behavior called 'roding,' where the male performs aerial displays during twilight hours to attract females.

Conservation efforts for American Woodcocks in Missouri focus on preserving suitable habitats and managing forests to maintain the necessary conditions for their survival. The population trends of American Woodcocks in Missouri are monitored through surveys and research studies to assess their numbers and distribution. Understanding their habitat requirements and implementing conservation measures are crucial for ensuring the long-term survival of this migratory species in Missouri.

Indigo Bunting

bright blue bird species

The Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) is a small, brightly colored songbird that can be found in Missouri. These birds are known for their stunning blue plumage in males and more subdued brown coloration in females. Indigo Buntings are migratory birds that breed in Missouri during the summer months. They prefer open habitats such as fields, meadows, and woodland edges for nesting and foraging.

Conservation efforts have been put in place to protect the Indigo Bunting's habitat and population. These include preserving and restoring suitable habitats, such as grasslands and shrublands, as well as implementing measures to reduce threats from factors like habitat loss and fragmentation.

During the breeding season, male Indigo Buntings sing complex songs to attract females and defend their territories. Mating behavior includes courtship displays, where males perform elaborate flights and show off their vibrant plumage. Females build cup-shaped nests and lay eggs. Both parents participate in incubation and feeding of the chicks.

Understanding the conservation needs and mating behavior of the Indigo Bunting is crucial for ensuring the long-term survival of this beautiful species in Missouri.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!