Top 15 Types Of Birds In Manitoba (with Photos)

Manitoba, located in the heart of Canada, is not only known for its picturesque landscapes, but also for its diverse avian inhabitants.

The region boasts a fascinating array of bird species, each with its own unique characteristics and adaptations. From the majestic Bald Eagle soaring effortlessly through the skies to the elusive Snowy Owl camouflaged amidst the snow-covered fields, Manitoba offers a haven for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

However, these iconic birds are just the beginning of the avian wonders that grace this province.

So, let’s embark on a journey to discover the captivating world of birds in Manitoba, where surprises and marvels await at every turn.

Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle, a majestic raptor found in Manitoba, is renowned for its impressive size, striking appearance, and exceptional hunting abilities. This magnificent bird can reach a length of up to 40 inches and has a wingspan that can exceed 7 feet.

The Bald Eagle’s distinctive white head and tail feathers, along with its dark brown body, make it easily recognizable. These birds primarily inhabit areas near bodies of water, such as lakes and rivers, where they can find an abundant food supply of fish and waterfowl. However, they are also known to reside in forests and coastal regions.

Due to habitat destruction and hunting, Bald Eagles faced a significant decline in population in the past. Fortunately, conservation efforts, such as the protection of nesting sites and the banning of harmful pesticides, have helped their numbers recover.

Today, the Bald Eagle remains a symbol of strength and resilience, and its conservation serves as a testament to the importance of protecting our natural habitats.


An image capturing the breathtaking sight of an Osprey in flight above a pristine Manitoba lake, its powerful wings outstretched, sunlight glinting off its distinctive brown and white plumage

After exploring the impressive hunting abilities of the Bald Eagle, it is now time to shift our focus to the fascinating Osprey, another remarkable bird species found in Manitoba.

The Osprey, scientifically known as Pandion haliaetus, is a large bird of prey that is well-known for its unique nesting habits and remarkable migration patterns.

When it comes to nesting, Ospreys prefer to build their nests near bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and coastlines. They construct large nests made of sticks and lined with softer materials such as moss and grass. These nests are often built on top of trees, cliffs, or man-made structures like telephone poles.

In terms of migration, Ospreys are known for their impressive long-distance journeys. They undertake annual migrations, flying thousands of kilometers from their breeding grounds in Manitoba to their wintering grounds in South America. These migrations are fueled by their diet primarily consisting of fish, which they catch by plunging into the water from significant heights.

Peregrine Falcon

An image capturing the awe-inspiring beauty of a Peregrine Falcon in flight, showcasing its sleek, slate-blue plumage, razor-sharp talons poised for a strike, and piercing golden eyes scanning the Manitoba skies

The Peregrine Falcon, scientifically known as Falco peregrinus, is an impressive bird of prey that is renowned for its incredible speed and agile hunting skills. Peregrine falcons are found worldwide, with a wide distribution that includes Manitoba.

These birds are known for their distinctive dark blue-gray upperparts and white undersides with black barring. Their wingspan can range from 95 to 120 cm, and they can reach speeds of up to 240 kilometers per hour during hunting dives, making them the fastest animals in the world.

Despite their remarkable abilities, peregrine falcons faced a significant decline in population due to factors such as habitat loss and the use of pesticides. However, through conservation efforts and the banning of harmful chemicals, their numbers have made a remarkable recovery.

Peregrine falcons are migratory birds, and their migration patterns differ depending on their breeding grounds. In Manitoba, they breed in the tundra and taiga regions and migrate southward to Central and South America during the winter months. These migratory patterns are essential for their survival as they allow them to access a stable food supply throughout the year.

The conservation efforts and understanding of their migration patterns have played a crucial role in protecting and preserving the population of peregrine falcons in Manitoba.

Great Horned Owl

An image capturing the majestic presence of a Great Horned Owl perched on a bare, gnarled branch against a dusky sky backdrop, its piercing yellow eyes vividly contrasting with its soft, tawny feathers

With its distinctive ear tufts and powerful talons, the Great Horned Owl, scientifically known as Bubo virginianus, is a formidable nocturnal predator found in the province of Manitoba. These magnificent birds are known for their large size, reaching up to 25 inches in height and weighing up to 5 pounds.

Great Horned Owls have a wide range of nesting habits and can be found nesting in a variety of locations, including abandoned nests of other birds, tree cavities, and even on the ground.

They are skilled hunters, using their keen eyesight and silent flight to ambush prey such as small mammals, birds, and even reptiles. Their hunting techniques include perching on high branches and swooping down to capture their prey with their sharp talons.

Great Horned Owls are apex predators in their ecosystem, playing a crucial role in maintaining balanced populations of their prey species.

American Robin

An image of an American Robin perched on a vibrant maple branch, its rusty-red breast contrasting against lush green leaves, while its sharp beak is shown ready to pluck a juicy earthworm

The American Robin, scientifically known as Turdus migratorius, is a widespread and well-known bird species found in Manitoba. This medium-sized songbird is known for its vibrant orange breast, grayish-brown upperparts, and white eye ring. The American Robin is a highly adaptable species, and its habitat preferences range from forests and woodlands to open fields and urban areas. It is commonly found nesting in trees, building cup-shaped nests made of grass, mud, and twigs.

One of the notable characteristics of the American Robin is its migratory patterns. While some individuals may stay in Manitoba year-round, many robins migrate south during the winter months to seek warmer climates. They form large flocks and travel in a southerly direction, often reaching as far as Mexico and Central America. In spring, these migratory birds return to Manitoba, signaling the arrival of warmer weather. The American Robin’s migratory patterns contribute to its widespread distribution, making it a familiar sight throughout the province.

Red-winged Blackbird

An image capturing the vibrant scene of a male Red-winged Blackbird perched on a cattail, its glossy black feathers contrasting with its scarlet and yellow epaulets, showcasing the beauty of Manitoba's avian diversity

Continuing our exploration of Manitoba’s avian diversity, we now turn our attention to the Red-winged Blackbird, a distinct species that shares its habitat with the American Robin. Red-winged blackbirds are commonly found in wetlands, marshes, and meadows throughout Manitoba. They are known for their striking appearance, with the males sporting glossy black feathers and bright red patches on their wings, while the females have a more subdued brown coloration.

Red-winged blackbirds have a diverse diet that consists of both plant matter and insects. They feed on seeds, grains, fruits, and berries, as well as insects, spiders, and small invertebrates. Their foraging behavior involves probing the ground or vegetation with their beaks to find food.

When it comes to migration, red-winged blackbirds are highly migratory birds. They typically breed and nest in Manitoba during the summer months and then migrate to warmer regions in the southern United States and Mexico during the winter. Their migration patterns can cover long distances, with some individuals traveling as far as Central and South America.

Mallard Duck

An image capturing the vibrant beauty of a Mallard Duck in Manitoba's serene wetlands

The Mallard Duck, scientifically known as Anas platyrhynchos, is a common and widespread species of duck found in Manitoba’s wetlands and waterways. Known for its vibrant plumage and distinct quacking sound, the Mallard Duck is a familiar sight to birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

Breeding habits of Mallard Ducks are fascinating. They typically form monogamous pairs during the breeding season, with the male attracting a mate through various displays and vocalizations. The female builds her nest on the ground, often near water, using vegetation and down feathers for insulation. She lays a clutch of 8-12 eggs, which she incubates for about 26-30 days.

Migration patterns of Mallard Ducks are also noteworthy. In Manitoba, they are considered partially migratory. While some individuals may remain in the region year-round, others migrate to southern areas during the winter months. They are known to travel long distances, using wetlands and water bodies as stopover sites for rest and feeding.

Canada Goose

An image capturing the majestic Canada Goose in its natural habitat amidst the serene wetlands of Manitoba

With its distinctive black head and neck, white chinstrap, and brown body, the Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) is a large waterfowl species commonly found in Manitoba’s wetlands and open fields. This iconic bird is known for its V-shaped flying formation during migration, making it a familiar sight in the skies of Manitoba. Canada Geese have a remarkable migration pattern, with some individuals traveling thousands of kilometers each year to breed in the Arctic and winter in the southern United States. In terms of habitat, they prefer nesting near bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and ponds. Their diet consists mainly of grasses, sedges, and aquatic plants, but they may also consume grains and berries when available. Overall, the Canada Goose is a resilient species that has adapted well to various habitats, making it a common and recognizable bird in Manitoba’s natural landscapes.

Migration Patterns Habitat and Diet
Long-distance migratory birds Nest near bodies of water
Travel thousands of kilometers each year Prefer wetlands, lakes, rivers, and ponds
Breed in the Arctic and winter in the southern United States Diet primarily consists of grasses, sedges, and aquatic plants
Recognizable V-shaped flying formation during migration May also consume grains and berries

Blue Jay

An image capturing the vibrant essence of a Blue Jay in Manitoba

Commonly found in the forests and urban areas of Manitoba, the Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) is a striking bird known for its vibrant blue feathers, black facial markings, and distinctive, noisy calls.

Blue Jays are highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats including woodlands, parks, and residential areas. They are known to be omnivorous, feeding on a wide range of foods including acorns, fruits, insects, and even small vertebrates.

Blue Jays are highly vocal and have a complex repertoire of calls, including alarm calls, territorial calls, and mimicry of other bird species. They are also known for their intelligent and curious behavior, often engaging in caching behavior by burying food for later consumption.

Blue Jays are known to be highly social birds, often seen in small groups or pairs, and their presence brings a vibrant and lively atmosphere to the Manitoba landscape.

Northern Cardinal

An image capturing the vibrant plumage of a male Northern Cardinal perched on a snow-covered branch against the backdrop of a serene winter landscape in Manitoba, showcasing their striking red feathers contrasting with the white surroundings

Found in the same habitats as the Blue Jay, the Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a striking bird known for its vibrant red plumage, distinctive crest, and melodious song. These birds are commonly found in woodlands, gardens, and shrubby areas across Manitoba.

The Northern Cardinal is monogamous, and pairs often mate for life. They build their nests in dense vegetation, using twigs, grass, and leaves. The female takes the primary responsibility for incubating the eggs, while the male provides food for her during this period.

The diet of the Northern Cardinal consists mainly of seeds, fruits, and insects. However, during the breeding season, they also feed on caterpillars and other small invertebrates to provide their chicks with a protein-rich diet.

The Northern Cardinal’s ability to adapt to various environments and its beautiful appearance make it a cherished sight for bird enthusiasts in Manitoba.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

An image showcasing the vibrant beauty of a Ruby-throated Hummingbird in Manitoba

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) is a small, migratory bird species known for its vibrant iridescent plumage and its remarkable ability to hover in mid-air. These hummingbirds can be found in various habitats throughout North America, including Manitoba.

One fascinating aspect of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is its migration patterns. Every year, these birds undertake an incredible journey, flying from their breeding grounds in North America to their wintering grounds in Central America and even as far as South America. They navigate using landmarks, celestial cues, and their keen sense of direction.

When it comes to feeding, the Ruby-throated Hummingbird has specific dietary preferences. They primarily feed on nectar from a variety of flowering plants, using their long, slender bills to extract the sugary liquid. In addition to nectar, they also consume small insects and spiders, which provide them with the essential protein and nutrients required for their energy-intensive lifestyle. To catch their prey, they use their agility and precision to snatch insects out of the air or pluck them off leaves and spider webs.

Understanding the migration patterns and feeding habits of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is essential for conservation efforts and maintaining suitable habitats for these remarkable birds.

Yellow Warbler

An image capturing the vibrant scene of a Yellow Warbler perched on a willow branch, its lemon-yellow plumage contrasting with the lush green foliage

Continuing our exploration of avian species in Manitoba, we now turn our attention to the Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia), a small migratory bird renowned for its vibrant plumage and melodic song.

The habitat of Yellow Warblers includes a wide range of environments, from forests and woodlands to shrubby areas near marshes and rivers. They prefer to nest in dense shrubs or trees, constructing cup-shaped nests made of grass, bark, and plant fibers. These nests are usually located close to or above the ground, providing protection from predators.

Yellow Warblers undertake long-distance migrations, with individuals traveling from their breeding grounds in Manitoba to their wintering grounds in Central and South America. They follow a route known as the Eastern Flyway, crossing the Gulf of Mexico during their journey. These birds spend the winter months in tropical regions, including countries such as Mexico, Venezuela, and Colombia. The availability of suitable habitat and food sources in these areas is crucial for their survival during the non-breeding season.

American Goldfinch

An image showcasing the vibrant palette of the American Goldfinch, perched delicately on a sunflower

The American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis) is a small migratory bird with vibrant plumage that inhabits various regions across North America. Known for its bright yellow color during the breeding season, the American Goldfinch undergoes a distinctive molt, shedding its bright plumage in favor of a more subdued olive-brown coloration during the winter months.

One of the most fascinating aspects of the American Goldfinch is its migration patterns. Unlike many other migratory birds, American Goldfinches do not migrate in large flocks. Instead, they undertake a more solitary migration, often traveling in small family groups or individually. Their migration routes typically take them from their breeding grounds in Canada and the northern United States to more southern regions, where they can find ample food sources during the winter.

In terms of diet and feeding habits, the American Goldfinch primarily feeds on seeds. Their preferred food sources include thistle, sunflower seeds, and a variety of other small seeds found in meadows, fields, and gardens. They have a specialized bill that allows them to extract seeds from plants and flowers, making them well adapted to their seed-based diet.

Snowy Owl

An image capturing the majestic presence of a Snowy Owl perched atop a snow-covered branch against a backdrop of a serene winter landscape in Manitoba, showcasing its striking white plumage and intense yellow eyes

Nestled in the Arctic tundra of Manitoba, the Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus) stands as a majestic sentinel against the frozen landscape. These magnificent birds are known for their striking appearance, with their pure white plumage and piercing yellow eyes. Snowy owls are well adapted to their harsh environment, possessing thick feathers and strong talons for hunting their prey, which mainly consists of small mammals like lemmings and voles.

Snowy owls are highly migratory birds, with some individuals traveling long distances to their breeding grounds in the Arctic during the summer months. These owls undertake these remarkable journeys in search of suitable breeding sites and abundant food sources. However, their migration patterns can be affected by various factors, including changes in climate and availability of prey.

Conservation efforts for snowy owls are crucial to ensure their survival. These efforts involve protecting their breeding and nesting habitats and monitoring their population trends. By understanding their migration patterns and implementing measures to mitigate threats, we can contribute to the conservation of these magnificent Arctic sentinels.

Sandhill Crane

An image capturing the grace of a Sandhill Crane in Manitoba's wetlands, its long neck elegantly arched as it forages for food

The Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis) is a large migratory bird species commonly found in the province of Manitoba. These elegant birds have a wingspan of up to 2.3 meters and can reach heights of 1.2 meters, making them one of the tallest flying birds in North America. Sandhill Cranes are known for their distinctive red forehead and long, slender necks.

Each year, these birds undertake impressive migration patterns, traveling from their breeding grounds in the northern parts of North America to their wintering grounds in the southern United States and northern Mexico. During migration, Sandhill Cranes form large flocks and follow specific flyways, often using thermal updrafts to conserve energy.

In terms of breeding habits, Sandhill Cranes are monogamous and form pair bonds that can last for several years. They typically choose wetland habitats for nesting, building large nests made of vegetation in shallow water or marshy areas. The female usually lays two eggs, and both parents take turns incubating them for approximately 30 days.

Once hatched, the chicks remain with their parents for several months until they are capable of flying and independent enough to survive on their own.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!