Top 15 Types Of Birds In Arkansas (with Photos)

Arkansas, known for its diverse ecosystems and rich wildlife, is home to an array of fascinating avian species. From the majestic Bald Eagle, soaring high above the treetops, to the delicate Ruby-throated Hummingbird, hovering with grace as it sips nectar from vibrant flowers, these birds capture our attention and ignite a sense of wonder.

But these two are just the beginning of a captivating journey into the world of avifauna in Arkansas. Whether you're intrigued by the melodious songs of the American Robin or the vibrant plumage of the Northern Cardinal, this exploration promises to unveil a tapestry of feathered marvels that will leave you yearning for more.

Bald Eagle

symbol of american patriotism

The Bald Eagle, a majestic and iconic bird of prey, is a prominent species found in the state of Arkansas. These magnificent birds are known for their impressive wingspan, reaching up to 7 feet, and their striking white head and tail feathers.

Bald Eagles are migratory birds, and their migration patterns in Arkansas are closely tied to the availability of food and suitable nesting sites. During the winter months, many Bald Eagles migrate to the state, attracted by the abundance of fish in its lakes and rivers.

Efforts have been made to conserve and protect these birds, as they were once on the brink of extinction due to habitat loss and the use of harmful pesticides. Conservation efforts, such as habitat restoration and the establishment of protected areas, have been crucial in the recovery of the Bald Eagle population.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

small vibrant hummingbird species

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird, a small and vibrant bird with iridescent green feathers, is a common sight in Arkansas. This tiny avian creature is known for its remarkable migration patterns and unique feeding habits.

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a neotropical migrant, meaning it travels long distances between its breeding grounds in North America and its wintering grounds in Central America. During the spring, these hummingbirds make their way to Arkansas from their wintering grounds, flying non-stop across the Gulf of Mexico, a journey that can cover up to 600 miles. In the fall, they make the strenuous journey back south.

Feeding primarily on nectar, the Ruby-throated Hummingbird plays a crucial role in pollination. They have a specialized long, slender bill that allows them to reach deep into flowers and extract nectar. Additionally, they eat small insects and spiders for protein. To maintain their high energy levels, these hummingbirds need to consume up to twice their body weight in food each day.

Migration Patterns Feeding Habits
Long-distance migrator Nectar feeders
Breeding grounds in North America Insectivorous
Wintering grounds in Central America High-energy diet

American Robin

common north american songbird

With its distinctive orange breast and melodious song, the American Robin is a familiar and beloved bird species found throughout Arkansas. Known scientifically as Turdus migratorius, this medium-sized thrush is known for its breeding habits and migration patterns.

Breeding typically begins in early spring, with pairs of robins building their nests in a variety of locations, including trees, shrubs, and even on man-made structures such as buildings and lamp posts. The female robin constructs the nest using grass, leaves, and mud, and then lays a clutch of 3-5 pale blue eggs. Both parents take turns incubating the eggs and feeding the hatchlings until they fledge, which usually takes about two weeks.

As for migration, American Robins are known to undertake both short-distance and long-distance migrations. While some individuals may stay in Arkansas year-round, many robins migrate south during the winter to areas with milder climates. During migration, they often form large flocks and can travel hundreds or even thousands of miles to reach their wintering grounds. These migrations are triggered by changes in food availability and weather conditions.

Northern Cardinal

bright red bird species

The Northern Cardinal, scientifically known as Cardinalis cardinalis, is a striking bird species commonly seen across the state of Arkansas. This vibrant bird measures approximately 8-9 inches in length and possesses a distinctive crest on its head. The male Northern Cardinal is known for its bright red plumage, while the female sports a more subtle combination of gray and red.

The Northern Cardinal is a resident bird of Arkansas, meaning it can be found in the state year-round. Its habitat primarily consists of woodlands, gardens, and residential areas with ample vegetation. This species is highly adaptable and can be seen in both rural and urban environments.

In terms of behavior, the Northern Cardinal is known for its melodious song, which is often heard during the breeding season. Males are particularly vocal, using their songs to establish territories and court females. They are also known to engage in aggressive behaviors, such as territorial disputes with other males.

Eastern Bluebird

vibrant blue bird species

Arkansas is also home to the Eastern Bluebird, a captivating bird species known for its vibrant blue plumage and melodious song.

The Eastern Bluebird, scientifically known as Sialia sialis, is a small thrush that can be found throughout the eastern and central parts of North America.

In Arkansas, these birds can be commonly seen in open woodlands, farmlands, and suburban areas with scattered trees. They prefer habitats with ample vegetation cover and nearby open areas where they can forage for insects and berries.

Eastern Bluebirds are known for their distinct behaviors, such as perching on wires or tree branches and scanning the ground for food. They are also cavity nesters, often utilizing abandoned woodpecker holes or nest boxes.

Males are known to exhibit territorial behavior, defending their nesting areas from other birds. Eastern Bluebirds are a joy to observe, their vibrant colors and sweet melodies adding beauty to the Arkansas landscape.

Carolina Chickadee

small bird with black cap

The Carolina Chickadee, scientifically known as Poecile carolinensis, is a small passerine bird species that can be found in the eastern and central parts of North America. These charming little birds are known for their distinctive black caps and white cheeks.

Carolina chickadees are cavity nesters and typically choose natural cavities or old woodpecker holes for their nests. They line their nests with soft materials such as moss, fur, and feathers.

When it comes to their diet preferences, Carolina chickadees are primarily insectivorous. They feed on a variety of insects, spiders, and caterpillars. In addition, they also consume seeds and berries, especially during the winter months when insects are less abundant.

The Carolina chickadee's nesting habits and diet preferences make it a fascinating species to observe and study in the wild.

Red-winged Blackbird

bird with red wings

After discussing the Carolina Chickadee, a small passerine bird species commonly found in the eastern and central parts of North America, it is now time to shift our focus to the Red-winged Blackbird, a striking avian species that can be found in various habitats across Arkansas.

The Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) is a medium-sized blackbird with distinctive red and yellow shoulder patches on the males. They are known for their loud, melodious song, which can be heard during the breeding season. Red-winged Blackbirds are highly migratory birds, with populations in Arkansas moving south during the winter months in search of warmer climates and abundant food sources.

In terms of nesting habits, Red-winged Blackbirds typically build their nests in dense vegetation, such as cattails or other marshy areas. The females construct cup-shaped nests using grasses, leaves, and other plant materials, while the males defend their territories and display their bright red shoulder patches to attract mates.

To provide a visual representation, here is a table showcasing the key characteristics of the Red-winged Blackbird:

Characteristics Description
Size Medium-sized
Coloration Black plumage with red and yellow patches on males
Song Loud and melodious
Migration Patterns Southward during winter months
Nesting Habits Nests in dense vegetation, cup-shaped nests made of grasses and leaves

Great Blue Heron

elegant bird by water

One of the most majestic and captivating avian species found in the diverse habitats of Arkansas is the Great Blue Heron. Standing at around four feet tall with a wingspan of six feet, these magnificent birds are a sight to behold.

Great Blue Herons are known for their unique nesting habits, often building large stick nests in trees near bodies of water. They prefer to nest in colonies, creating a bustling community of herons.

When it comes to their diet, Great Blue Herons are opportunistic hunters. They primarily feed on fish, using their sharp beaks to spear their prey. However, they are also known to consume amphibians, reptiles, small mammals, and even birds.

Their versatile diet allows them to thrive in various habitats throughout Arkansas, making them a truly remarkable species.

Wood Duck

colorful duck with unique markings

What makes the Wood Duck a unique and fascinating species found in the diverse habitats of Arkansas?

The Wood Duck, scientifically known as Aix sponsa, is an exquisite bird that can be found in the wetland areas of Arkansas. These beautiful ducks are known for their vibrant plumage, with males displaying a striking combination of iridescent green, purple, and white, while females have more muted tones of brown and gray.

Wood Ducks are well adapted to their habitat, which includes rivers, lakes, swamps, and wooded areas. They are skilled tree nesters, often choosing cavities in trees or man-made nesting boxes to lay their eggs. Their behavior includes perching high in trees, swimming gracefully in water bodies, and taking flight swiftly.

The Wood Duck's ability to blend into its surroundings and its unique nesting behavior make it a captivating species to observe in the diverse habitats of Arkansas.


bird of prey with wings

The Osprey, scientifically known as Pandion haliaetus, is a remarkable bird species that can be found in the diverse habitats of Arkansas.

Ospreys are known for their unique nesting habits. They build large nests made of sticks and twigs, usually located near bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, or even coastal areas. These nests are often placed on tall structures like dead trees or utility poles.

Ospreys are migratory birds, and their migration patterns are quite fascinating. They undertake long-distance journeys, traveling from their breeding grounds in Arkansas to their wintering grounds in South America. During migration, Ospreys follow well-defined routes, utilizing thermals and wind patterns to conserve energy.

Their ability to navigate vast distances is truly remarkable and highlights their adaptability as a species.

Northern Mockingbird

mimicking bird with wide range of songs

The Northern Mockingbird, scientifically known as Mimus polyglottos, is a highly adaptable bird species commonly found in the diverse landscapes of Arkansas. Known for its impressive mimicry abilities, this bird has a remarkable repertoire of songs and calls, imitating not only other bird species but also various sounds it encounters in its environment.

Behavior patterns of the Northern Mockingbird are fascinating to observe. They are known to be highly territorial, defending their nesting sites and food sources vigorously. They engage in aggressive displays, such as spreading their wings and raising their crests, to intimidate intruders. Males often sing throughout the night to establish their territory and attract mates.

In terms of habitat preferences, Northern Mockingbirds can be found in a wide range of environments including urban areas, woodlands, scrublands, and open fields. They are adaptable and can thrive in both natural and human-altered landscapes. Their diet consists of a variety of insects, berries, fruits, and seeds.

Below is a table showcasing the behavior patterns and habitat preferences of the Northern Mockingbird:

Behavior Patterns Habitat Preferences
Territorial Urban areas
Aggressive displays Woodlands
Nighttime singing Scrublands
Mimicry abilities Open fields

The Northern Mockingbird's ability to adapt to various environments and its impressive vocal abilities make it a beloved and interesting species to encounter in the beautiful state of Arkansas.

Brown Pelican

coastal bird with large beak

The Brown Pelican, known scientifically as Pelecanus occidentalis, is a fascinating coastal bird species commonly observed along the shores of Arkansas, gracefully soaring above the waters in search of prey. With its distinctive brown plumage, long bill, and expandable throat pouch, the Brown Pelican is highly adapted for its marine lifestyle.

This species exhibits interesting behavior patterns, such as plunge diving from heights of up to 60 feet to catch fish. After capturing its prey in its pouch, the Brown Pelican drains the water before swallowing the fish whole.

Despite being a common sight along the coast, the Brown Pelican faced a significant decline in population due to pesticide exposure in the mid-20th century. However, thanks to conservation efforts and the banning of harmful pesticides, their numbers have rebounded in recent years.

These efforts have helped ensure the survival of this magnificent bird species in Arkansas and beyond.

Painted Bunting

colorful bird in america

A strikingly vibrant bird species found in Arkansas, the Painted Bunting, scientifically known as Passerina ciris, is a sight to behold with its brilliant plumage and distinctive song.

This small songbird inhabits dense shrubby areas, such as thickets, hedgerows, and brushy fields, where it can find ample cover and food.

The male Painted Bunting is particularly eye-catching, boasting a rainbow of colors on its head, back, and underparts, while the female exhibits a more subdued olive-green plumage.

During the breeding season, males actively defend their territories and perform elaborate courtship displays to attract mates.

Painted Buntings are primarily seed-eaters, but they also consume insects and berries.

Unfortunately, the population of Painted Buntings in Arkansas has been declining due to habitat loss and fragmentation.

Conservation efforts are being implemented to protect and restore their preferred habitats, such as creating and maintaining suitable breeding and foraging areas, as well as raising awareness about the importance of preserving these stunning birds and their habitats.

Yellow Warbler

bright yellow bird species

As we shift our focus from the captivating Painted Bunting, let us now explore the Yellow Warbler, a distinct avian species found within the diverse bird population of Arkansas.

The Yellow Warbler, scientifically known as Setophaga petechia, is a small passerine bird that belongs to the family Parulidae. This species is known for its vibrant yellow plumage, which is more prominent in males than females.

Yellow Warblers are commonly found in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, forests, and shrubby areas. They prefer areas with dense vegetation, such as thickets and edges of marshes or rivers.

During the breeding season, Yellow Warblers can be seen across the state, but they are known to migrate south to Central America and the Caribbean during the winter months. Their migration patterns follow the eastern flyway, with many individuals passing through Arkansas during spring and fall.

The Yellow Warbler's ability to adapt to different environments and its striking appearance make it a fascinating addition to Arkansas's bird population.

Cedar Waxwing

bird species with distinctive plumage

With its sleek plumage and distinctive mask-like markings, the Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) is a striking and elegant bird that can be found in various regions of Arkansas. These birds are known for their unique nesting habits and diet, which contribute to their overall fascinating behavior.

Cedar waxwings typically build their nests in tall trees, often near a water source. They construct delicate, cup-shaped nests using twigs, grass, and feathers.

When it comes to their diet, cedar waxwings primarily feed on fruits, berries, and insects. They are highly social birds and often feed in large flocks, which enables them to find food more effectively.

Their specialized diet allows them to play a crucial role in seed dispersal, contributing to the ecosystem's overall balance.

The cedar waxwings' nesting habits and feeding behavior make them a captivating species to observe in the diverse habitats of Arkansas.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!