Sun Catfish: The Essentials for Handling this Species

What is a Sun Catfish?

Sun Catfish belongs to small species of Catfish; they are primarily found in western ghats of India. They are omnivorous, which means they could feed on anything. But, they rarely hunt as they are slow swimmers and rely on scavenging.

What size aquarium do they need?

Sun catfish, when they reach maturity, can grow as long as 48 centimeters. Therefore an aquarium that could at least hold 30 gallons of water is required. Moreover, if you want to place some tank mates, you must go for a bigger tank.

How do you care for a Sun Catfish?

 Sun catfish are typically found in India’s western ghats, where the water temperature ranges between 23 and 25 degrees. As a result, they thrive in water temperatures ranging from 23 to 25 degrees.

sun catfish

As a result, the water temperature in the tank should be close to the figure mentioned above. Moreover, make sure the Ph of the water is 6 to 7.5. Ensure you provide them with a different kind of food so that they get to eat a well-balanced diet.

What is a catfish?

Catfish is a species of freshwater fish with whiskers; they are generally omnivore that can feed on anything; they typically prefer a water temperature of between 23 to 25 degrees.

Some interesting facts about sun catfish

Some interesting facts about Sun Catfish are

  1. They are actually slow swimmers
  2. They could grow as long as 18 inches
  3. They are omnivores and could eat anything
  4. They play a significant role in cleaning the environment
  5. They are nocturnal; therefore, they require unique lighting at night.

What is meant by “breeding”?

Breeding is a process in which different gender reproduce to produce a baby or offspring.

Sun Catfish Natural Habitat

They are native to the Western Ghats of India; therefore, they are acquainted with the conditions of water in India.

Sun Catfish Water Conditions

Sun Catfish generally thrives in water temperatures of 23 to 25 degrees with a PH of water between 6 to 7.5. Moreover, the water should be clean as they excrete waste in large amounts.

What’s their favorite food?

Catfish are omnivorous, which means they will eat anything. Insects, aquatic plants and seeds, insect larvae, smaller fish, and various other food sources may be consumed. They may also consume specific human products such as domestic animal waste or poultry waste.

Gender differences: male vs. female

There’s not much difference between males and females in Sun Catfish. Therefore, it is hard to understand their breeding process.

But with the help of an expert, you may be able to identify their gender.

Difficulties in keeping

Keeping in a tank

One should be concerned about the characteristics of the water the Catfish is living in. Ph should be between 6 to 7.5; in addition, the temperature of the water should be 23 to 25 degrees, more or less than that would actually harm them.

At least 30 gallons of Tank size is required to accommodate one Sun Catfish. But, some people would say at least 50 gallons.


A Suncatfish could eat anything, depending on its size. Adult Suncatfish are often seen feeding on small terrestrial insects and tiny frogs, while small Suncatfish may prey on small fish and insects.

In general, all Catfish, whether in captivity or in the wild, eat the same diet. A catfish diet consists of anything they can eat because they are omnivorous and can feed on anything.

Furthermore, they would easily digest a variety of human products. As a result, because catfish eat a variety of foods, it is simple to raise one.


Choose a tankmate for the Suncatfish accordingly; otherwise, it would create a hassle. They would do great with fish of equally same size and color. Placing them with small fish would be ineffective as they may feed on the smaller fish.

How to know if a catfish is safe to eat?

Almost every Catfish is good for health as it is pretty rich in proteins and vitamins. In addition, Catfish meat is low in calories and contains omega 3 fatty acids.

But, avoid consuming undercooked Catfish meat as it main includes bacteria and viruses, which may hurt your health.

What types of fish are considered Bumble Bee Catfish?

They are docile and friendly with fish of similar size and color, but they may attack small fish due to their predator-like nature.

What is a Pictus catfish?

Pictus catfish belong to small catfish species; they are native to South America, they are also nocturnal as the other Catfish. So they require special lighting in the aquarium at night.

Pictus catfish

What are some facts about Pictus Catfish?

Pictus Catfish are very active and often need a large aquarium to contain them. They have a white body with highlighted black spots, which makes them pleasing to watch. They contain venom in their dorsal fin, though it would not do any damage to humans.

How do you care for your Pictus Catfish?

Ensure that you provide them with a well-balanced and healthy diet; moreover, check the water condition frequently. Characteristics such as PH and temperature could affect their health and well-being.

How to feed a glass catfish?

Feed them live foods such as live shrimps or worms as sometimes they can be picky about their food. As they get comfortable, even frozen food should be a preference too. But the ideal choice is to go with live worms or shrimps or mosquito larvae.

What is the best type of tank for talking Catfish?

A tank that can hold at least 50 gallons of water could get as big as 6.7 inches which is reasonably ample for a fish.

What can you do if your bumblebee fish stops eating?

If a Bumblebee fish stops eating, one should definitely try giving them live food such as live brine shrimp. It would captivate their attention or else add some current into the water. Moreover, try to provide current to the water to replicate a wild-like environment.

What foods should I feed my Suncat?

Catfish are omnivorous, so they can eat anything. They may feed on insects, aquatic plants and seeds, insect larvae, smaller fish, and other food sources.

Furthermore, they may consume specific human products such as domestic animal waste or poultry waste. Moreover, they play an essential and critical role in cleaning the environment because they frequently feed on dead creatures and animals, ensuring that the domain is clean and healthy.

Adult Suncat fish may consume frogs, terrestrial insects, and earthworms.

How to care for a pet catfish?

Ensure you provide them with a well-balanced and healthy diet, so their overall body development would not be hindered. Try to replicate the ambiance of the tank as they have in the wild; this would make Catfish feel secure and comfortable.

Ensure all the equipment and devices such as filters and heater are working, so that water temperature would not get disturbed.

What is the proper temperature for a sun Catfish tank?

Sun Catfish are very similar to Eclipse Catfish. Sun catfish are usually found in the western ghats of India, where the water temperature is around 23 to 25 degrees.

So, it is evident that they thrive in water temperatures between 23 to 25 degrees. Therefore, the temperature of water in the tank should be almost between the figure mentioned above.

Which fish should be in your Sun Catfish tank?

Sun Catfish are generally docile and peaceful. But they may prey on the smaller juvenile fishes. Therefore the question arises, “which fish is the best tankmate for them?” any fish of similar size and color would do fine for them as they’re rarely seen to attack the fish of the same size.

They would do well with other Catfish species of similar size; other fish such as Arowana, Cyprinids would be excellent tankmates for the Sun Catfish.

What is a banjo catfish?

Banjo catfish or Aspredinidae belongs to the species of Catfish native to South America; it has 43 more subspecies. They are omnivorous and are seen feed on anything they have available.

What are some unique characteristics of Banjo catfishes?

Banjo Catfish, whenever they feel threatened or sense a hostile environment, they’re often seen playing dead to escape from the hostile environment; they float silently in the water until the problem has been obviated; sometimes, they may sink to the bottom.

They are so small that they only weigh 100 grams when they reach maturity. They are very slow swimmers and prefer hiding under objects to escape the predators.

Although they rarely hunt other fish due to their slow swimming speed, they often eat when they can get from the environment. They particularly resemble the shape and color of tree bark when they are sedentary.

What is a redtail catfish, and what does it look like?

Redtail catfish is one of the large species of Catfish, large enough to weigh around 82 kilograms when they reach maturity. They can grow as long as 1.5 meters. Moreover, they’re native to counties like Venezuela and Brazil.

Redtail catfish

Due to their enormous size. Redtail catfish whiskers are also significant; their tail is generally red. They are generally black or dark brown in color with white stripes in between, stretching their bodies. Sometimes even their anal and dorsal fin is red in color.

Sun Eclipse Catfish

Facts & Overview

Sun eclipse catfish, also known as Horabagrus Brachysoma, is a catfish often found in southwestern India. They can grow up to a size of 12 to 18 inches, depending on the environmental conditions.

They often prey on smaller fish or juvenile fish. But, they also show compatibility in eating both flesh and plant products, making it easier for them to find food.

Typical Behavior

Before placing an Eclipse catfish in the aquarium, it is essential to know that your pet fish is generally docile. Still, they may attack more undersized or juvenile fish in the tank due to their predator-like behavior. However, it will not harm any tankmate of a similar size.

Are Eclipse Catfish Suitable for your Aquarium?

Eclipse catfish are very active at night; they usually remain concealed during the day. They would eat anything. Hence it is easy to feed on. Eclipse catfish, because of its predator nature, would attack minor or juvenile tank mates.

They usually require at least 30 gallons of a tank. They could survive at a water temperature of 23 to 25 degrees without any problem. The ph of the water should be around 6 to 7.5.

Eclipse catfish produces a lot of wastes; therefore, the installation of a filter is necessary. Moreover, provide them with shelters so that they can hide during the day.

Now, if you have a thought to get a fire eel to your aquarium check out this article The Complete Guide to Fire Eel Care


How big do sun catfish get?

A fully mature sun catfish could get as big as 18inches or 45 centimeters, with the average size being 12 inches or approximately 30 centimeters.

On reaching sexual maturity, they start the reproduction process. They could live up to 10 years, though it depends on many external factors like their diet or how good their water is.

Can Eclipse catfish live in cold water?

Horabagrus Brachysoma or Eclipse catfish are found in the southwestern part of India, where water temperature hovers between 23 to 25 degrees.

So, it would make no sense to introduce them to cold waters; exposure to cold waters could make them sick and vulnerable to environmental conditions. In some cases, it may make them unguarded against diseases.

What do feather fin catfish eat?

According to much feedback from the Feather fin catch fish owners, their feather fin catfish loves to feed on algae pellets, cucumber, bloodworms, and fruits.

But more or less, every Catfish, whether in captivity or in the wild, consume more or less the same diet.

A catfish diet includes everything they can eat as they are omnivorous, letting them feed on anything. Moreover, they would easily digest several human products also.

Therefore it is easy to foster a catfish, as their diet consists of a wide range of food sources.

What do you feed tropical Catfish?

Catfish are very flexible with their food as they are omnivorous in nature, which allows them to feed on anything.

They may feed on little creatures like insects, aquatic plants and seeds, insect larvae, smaller fish, and much more food sources. In addition, they could also feed on specific human products such as Domestic animal waste or Poultry waste.

Moreover, they play an imperative and crucial role in cleaning the environment as they often feed on dead creatures and animals, ensuring that the domain is clean and healthy. 

Are all Catfish aggressive?

Certain members of the catfish family, such as Hemibagrus, are very aggressive and hostile towards their own species or any other external source.

But, most of the catfish are pretty docile and friendly. But, they also get stressed if another catfish is introduced into their environment, making them potentially aggressive towards them.

Therefore, it is very unsuitable for them to be with another catfish in the same community tank.

However, they are always known to be friendly and peaceful around docile tankmates such as goldfish. Moreover, if you try to introduce a small fish in their fish aquarium, catfish are likely to attack them due to their predator-like nature.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!thing.