How Much Do Cows Cost? All You Need To Know

Who does not love a cow? However, how much do cows cost? Let us find out. Cows are the most docile animals that there are. Cows are popular livestock throughout the world, and many farmers choose them for a variety of reasons. They are not only nice but also dynamic. Cows are quite helpful if properly reared.

How Much Does A Cow Cost?

The price of a cow is not fixed. It is very relative. A mature cow’s price must be different from that of a young cow, calf, or yearling.

The cost of a cow is determined by its weight, gender, or breed. Sometimes a cow’s age is important since younger cows are more valuable because they can give birth to more calves.

how much do cows cost

Furthermore, the aim of keeping a cow is an important factor to consider when calculating the price, as a meat cow is not the same as a dairy cow.

How Much Does A Cow-Calf Cost?

A calf’s price is influenced by its age and size. A day-old calf costs roughly $35 to $50 and requires a lot of attention. When a cow is 4-6 months old or older, it gets more stable, and the price rises as a result.

Calf, Cow, Brown, Brown Calf, Pasture

A beef yearling costs between $650 and $750, whereas a dairy yearling costs between $450 and $600. Older calves cost between $800 and $900, depending on weight.

Cows can be worth a few hundred dollars for a family cow or hundreds of thousands of dollars for a highly sought-after unusual bull. A normal mature cow costs between $800 and $2100, depending on the breed.

How Much Does A Beef Cow Cost?

Cattle, Animal, Pasture, Highland Cattle

A bred heifer (a pregnant cow with her first calf) costs $1,300 on average, but you may save money by purchasing a heifer calf combo for $2,000. The cost of a full-grown cow ranges between $4,000 and $5,000.

How Much Does A Dairy Cow Cost?

A dairy cow ranges in price from $900 to $3,000. Calves and yearlings are substantially less expensive than older cows. A cow that has been physically or personally cared for by its owner, on the other hand, will be more expensive since they are more pleasant to people.

Cows, Cattles, Animals, Bovine

If a cow is sold by weight, the price will be between $1.05 and $1.35 per pound. A heifer is valued between $500 and $1,000, while a dairy cow is worth between $1,500 and $2,100 when it is nursing her kid.

Fun fact: The cow with the highest recorded price was sold at an auction in Toronto in 2009 for $1.2 million. Missy was a Holstein cow from Ponoka Morsan Farm in Alberta, which is known for producing high-quality milk.

How Much Does A Bull Cost?

Highland Cow, Bull, Cattle, Livestock

When compared to an average CE bull, bulls with calving ease (CE) numbers in the top 10% of the breed can be predicted to produce three or more live calves out of 100. At today’s pricing, that amount is conservative $2,100 (based on $1.40 per pound for 500-pound calves).

What are the best cow breeds to raise?

It might be difficult to identify all of the 70 plus recognized cow breeds in the United States. However, only a few cattle breeds (fewer than 20) account for the vast bulk of genes utilized in commercial beef production in the United States.

Here are the five most common beef cow breeds in the United States, as per the United States Cattlemen’s Beef Board, and are widely recognized in the United States.


Beef, Charolais, Boy, Bull, Mammal

It’s often said that no other breed has had a significant impact on the North American beef sector as the introduction of Charolais.

The Charolais became popular in the United States’ cattle sector when producers were looking for larger-framed, heavier cattle than the traditional British cattle breeds.

Charolais breed cows are white or creamy white in color, with a short hair coat that thickens and lengthens in cold conditions.


Cow, Brown White, Spotted, Fur

The Simmental is one of the world’s oldest and most extensively spread cattle breeds. The red and white animals were initially imported to the United States in the late 1800s and have had a good impact on the cattle community ever since. They have a huge physical frame. However, they require less help during calving season and have a high weight increase potential.

Texas Longhorn

Longhorn, Cattle, Texas, Livestock

The Texas Longhorn evolved as a result of “survival of the fittest.”

The cattle breed, brought by Christopher Columbus and the Spanish colonists, is notable for its distinctive horns, which may reach almost 1.8 m tip to tip for bulls and 2.1 m tip to tip for steers and outstanding cows.

Texas Longhorns are recognized for their colorful coats, which may be any hue or combination of colors, although dark red and white are the most common.

Black Angus

Cow, Cattle, Animal, Bovine, Beef

With almost 330,000 registered animals, Black Angus is the most prevalent breed of beef cattle in the United States. The breed’s carcass qualities, which are touted as producing well-marbled, tasty meat, are one reason for its popularity.

Furthermore, Angus cattle require less upkeep throughout the calving season, are excellent moms, and are extremely feed efficient. The Black Angus cattle breed arrived in the United States in the nineteenth century and established itself in Kansas.

Red Angus

Red, Angus, Bull, Beef, Meat, Cow

While not as popular as Black Angus, Red Angus has the same excellent carcass qualities that result in greater marbling and taste. Red Angus cattle are extremely gentle and have good mothering qualities. They can withstand higher temperatures than black Angus.

What Are The Best Beef Cows To Buy?

There are around 250 beef cattle breeds in the globe, with the United States of America home to 60% of them. Beef cattle production enterprises are now just as popular as dairy cow production businesses.

The USA is one of the world’s major beef exporters. Beef cattle, without a doubt, are the beauty of any farm, and considering the many kinds, each one of them is different in its own unique way.

The best beef cows are –

Black Angus

Cow, Black Angus, Farm, Cattle, Animal

In the United States of America, it is the most popular breed. This breed outnumbers all others together.

It’s because the Scots introduced longhorn cattle that were crossbred with Angus. The hornless Angus was first rejected, but its flavor and softness improved over time, increasing its market demand.

They have a relatively low prevalence of reproductive issues (dystocia), and their seeming big body weights quickly made them desirable in the cattle production sector.

At the moment, The Angus Meat Certified program demands greater than 50% blackface and that the beef fulfills ten quality requirements.

Piedmontese Cow

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They originated in Northwest Italy’s Piedmont area. Its genetic abnormality, known as ‘double muscling,’ distinguishes it. They feature more protein and less chemical fat, making them healthier for their customers.

Due to e of giving birth to a double-muscled calf in Piedmontese dames due to their short birth canals, Piedmontese bulls are crossbred with Angus. This multiplies the advantages. Heritage farms in the United States sell Piedmontese meat.

Beef Master

Beef Master, an ideal breed for meat production in Colombia - Tridge

This breed was developed in the United States of America as a result of crossbreeding between Shorthorn, Hereford, and Brahman cows. The species has a high reproductive rate and a high milking quality. They are predominantly crimson in color.

The bull weighs around 1200kg, while the cow weighs approximately 800kg. This breed is well-known for its resilience to illnesses and parasites. This breed’s animals are simple to manage since they have wonderful temperaments.

Hereford Cow

Hereford Cow, Cow, Pasture, Farm

It is a British breed that originated in Herefordshire, England. This breed is well-known for its adaptability to a variety of weather situations as well as its hardiness.

Certified Hereford Beef demands a 51 percent white face with no white marks on the shoulders, sides of the body, or hip. They are less costly than Angus cattle.

Males can weigh up to 1,800 pounds, while females weigh around 1,200 pounds. They are muscular, with moderate to long side lengths and adequate leg lengths.

They’re big, slim, and silky. They’re also well-developed in places where good cuts are generated, such as the back, loin, hindquarters, or round.


V8 Ranch — Registered Brahman Cattle, Ranches located in Boling and  Hungerford, Texas | Desenho de touro, Vacas, Gado

The American Brahman is another name for this breed. The United States has exported this breed to numerous nations, including South America, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.

This breed is distinguished by its huge body size, average depth, medium-length legs, and straighter backs. They are generally light grey but can sometimes be black or red.

A mature female is paler in hue than a grown man—darker spots on the male’s shoulder, neck, flank, and lower thighs. A Brahman cow weighs 500-700 kg, whereas a Brahman bull weighs 800-1100 kg.

How Much Does The Cow Cost Annually?

Cows typically cost between $600 and $1100 per year to maintain. This covers their feeding and care. Buying and rearing a cow will become less expensive if you have more area to grass-feed it. Per cow, 2 to 5 acres of pasture are required.

In general, meat cows require 30 to 40 pounds of hay each day. Efficient dairy cows may consume up to 100 pounds of feed each day. If you buy hay for the bulk of the year, the feed bill will be roughly $1,000 each year.

If you have enough space to grass-feed your cows and meet their grazing demands, the annual cost of a cow will be only $200 to $300.

Other essential requirements include:

  • Hay, Alfalfa, Grain Oats, Corn, and Barley
  • Minerals and Supplements
  • Halters, as well as other required equipment
  • Breeding

What Are The Best Dairy Cows To Buy?

Are you looking for the greatest milk cow – or the best dairy cow breed – for your homestead? If this is the case, selecting the ideal cow breed may be more difficult than it appears!

Owing to the fact that each milking cow breed has distinct strengths and weaknesses that may work in your favor – or against you – depending on your farm, resources, requirements, and terrain!

The best dairy cows to buy are –


Cow, Holstein Cow

When one is thinking of a dairy cow, they most likely see a black-and-white Holstein. Holsteins account for almost 90% of dairy cows in the United States, and their appeal stems from their productivity – they produce nearly nine gallons of milk each day on average. Holsteins originated in Holland and arrived in America in the 1850s.

Brow Swiss

Brown Swiss Cattle Facts, Profile, and Characteristics | Agri Farming

Brown Swiss cows are thought to have been around longer than any other breed – perhaps it is the generations of knowledge that have made this breed so placid. They’re also recognized for having large fuzzy ears and being the second most productive dairy cows. Brown Swiss cows originated in (you guessed it) Switzerland and were introduced to America in the 1860s.


Ayrshire Cattle: Heritage Livestock Breeds | MOTHER EARTH NEWS

Ayrshires (pronounced air-sheers) were once known as Dunlops. They are orangey-brown in color and are reputed to be hardy and long-lived.

Ayrshires are also more dominant than other dairy breeds, which I believe is due to their Scottish background. They arrived in America in the 1820s.


Jersey Cow, Jersey-Cow, Jersey-Race

Jersey cattle are a smaller breed with smooth brown hair and large, lovely eyes. This breed is so much more than how they look, as they produce some of the richest milk, which is frequently used to make butter and cheese.

Jersey cows originated in the United Kingdom and were introduced to America in the 1860s.


Guernsey Cattle, Cow, Animal, Cows Nose

Because of their golden milk, Guernseys are known as The Royal Breed. The milk’s deep color is due to a high concentration of beta carotene, which is a source of vitamin A.

Guernsey cows are British, although they are said to have descended from two French breeds. They arrived in the United States of America in the early 1900s.

How Much Does a Dairy Cow Cost?

A dairy cow might cost anywhere from $1000 to $3,500. This range is determined by the cost of a year to the cost of a proven family cow. When compared to matured cows, yearlings and calves are less costly.

Furthermore, a bottle-fed and hand-raised cow will be more expensive since it is more friendly with people and maybe maintained near family.

As per the Agricultural and Horticulture Development Board, Jersey cows may be purchased for as little as $1,500 to $2,000.

Cows sold by weight typically cost between $1.05 and $1.35 per pound (per pound). Heifers are less expensive than bred cows, costing between $500 and $1,000.

Lactating dairy cows cost between $1,500 and $2,100. Cows that have been bottle-fed, tamed, or reared by hand are typically more costly.

How Much Do Miniature Cows Cost?

Miniature Cows 101: A Definitive Guide on How to Raise Mini Cows

Miniature cows range in price from $2,000 to $3,500, depending on size, markings, and color.

(A decent standard Jersey milk cow marketed as a family milk cow will cost between $1,500 and $2,000.) Although small-breed cattle are more expensive at first, they have some intriguing advantages.

How Much Do Highland Cows Cost?

6 Things You Need to Know About the Highland Cow

Highland Cows first appeared in the Scottish Highlands and the Outer Hebrides islands in the sixth century.

They may now be found in the south of Scotland, various regions of Europe, as well as Australia and North and South America. Highland cows range in price from $500 to $1000. Calf prices range from $400 to $1000, depending on grade and age.

How Much Do Fluffy Cows Cost?

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The price of Fluffy Cows varies based on the breed of cow you pick. However, the fluffy cows may cost anywhere from $2,000 to $3,500, depending on the color, manufacture, size, and other considerations.

These adorable critters are excellent pets since they show a lot of affection, are quite sociable, and are simple to care for.

How Much Do Cows Cost In Texas?

In Texas, the average cost of a cow is between $2,000 and $5,000. The real cost of the cow is determined by its weight, gender, and breed.

Yearling cows are often less costly than adult cows. They range in price from $800 to $1,500 in Texas.

How Much Do Dexter Cows Cost?

Eagleridge Dexter Bull and cows from past to present. | Cattle, Farm  animals, Dexter cattle

Because Dexters are harder to get by (and probably because small-scale farmers are willing to pay for them.) A Dexter cow might be substantially more expensive to buy than a standard breed. It’s all about supply and demand.

A Dexter cow may easily cost between $2000 and $2500.

How Much Do Dutch Belted Cows Cost?

The first EX-94 Dutch Belted scores

The cost of a Dutch Belted cow ranges from $500 to $1500, depending on its age and quality. When purchasing in bulk, there are always discounts available. Belted Galloway cows are tough, cold-tolerant, docile, gorgeous, and delicious.

How Much Do Jersey Cows Cost?

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The Jersey cows are not too expensive. In fact, they come at a reasonable price of $1500 to $1800. This breed is highly profitable and worth every penny that one spends on them.

Factors that Influence the Price of a Cow

There are a number of factors that influence the price of a cow. The broadest category of these factors is whether they are Beef cow or Dairy cow.

Other prominent factors that will determine how much you will be spending on a cow are the weight of the cow, its age, the breed, whether it is a steer (or a bull) or a Heifer, and lastly, from where you buy the cow.

Let us understand these elements and how they affect cow prices:

How much the cow weighs?

Cows are more valuable if they are heavier since heavier cows generate more meat and bigger dairy cows give more milk.

Although farmers want bigger cows, the weight should not come at the price of age because older cows are usually worthless by weight than younger cows, even if they are worth more overall.

The purpose of the cow

Feeding cattle is a terminology used for animals that are sold to be reared further.

Feeding cattle are often valued less than slaughter cattle since the value of slaughter cattle is instantly realized; however, feeding cattle must be provided and reared further until they are ready. This increases the buyer’s risk and expense.

Dairy cows are much more valuable than beef cows, with the average dairy cow costing upwards of $2,000. Bulls are the most costly variety of cattle, sometimes selling for more than $5,000 for a single animal.

How old is the cow?

Young cows are preferable to elderly cows. However, there is a value peak at roughly one-year-old. Aside from slaughter cattle, these cows are frequently referred to as yearlings and are the most widely marketed age of cattle.

The breed of the cow

Unique or exotic breeds are more valuable than conventional types. The most prevalent cows in North America and Europe are Angus and Hereford for meat and Holstein-Friesians for milk.

Specialist breeds, particularly males, maybe more expensive due to scarcity, as they can generate new crossbreeds with current stock.

Check our article on how much do goats cost

Final Thoughts

To summarise, a calf costs roughly $100, a mature cow costs between $700 and $2000, and a bull costs up to $5,000. The per annum cost of rearing a cow is $850. Therefore it should be factored into any calculations.

Cow prices vary depending on their age, weight, breed, and intended usage. Dairy cows are often more expensive than beef cows, and younger animals are typically more valuable than older cows. Do read our article on how much do chinchillas cost


How much profit does a cow make?

The average net return benefited the high-profit group, which outperformed the general average by $96.51 per cow to conclude the 11 years with an annual profit of $152.42 per cow. Over the course of 11 years, this equates to an extra $1,061.61 yield per cow.

What is the cost of feeding a cow?

This winter grazing scheme costs around 50 cents per day for each cow, but the typical producer feeding harvested hay per day costs between $1.25 and $2.00 per day, depending on the type of hay provided.

What is the cost of buying a live cow?

Typically, the cost of a live cow is between $2,000 and $5,000. The real cost of the cow is determined by its weight, gender, and breed. Yearling cows are often less costly than adult cows. They range in price from $800 to $1,500.

How many beef cows do you need to make a living?

Anecdotal data shows that roughly 70 dairy cattle or 150 beef cattle are sufficient to earn a full-time livelihood from farming. At the same time, many farmers have many revenue streams and are not completely reliant on cows.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!