How Do Parakeets Mate? All You Need To Know

How do parakeets Mate? Budgies reproduce by cloacal copulation, in which the two birds rub their cloacas (the entry to the reproductive system) together, allowing sperm to be transported from the male to the female. This is accomplished by the male balancing on the female’s back and normally lasts only a few seconds.

If you’ve ever thought about how budgies mate, you’ve undoubtedly been a bit intrigued, if not perplexed, and why shouldn’t you be? It’s not simple to draw a parallel between what most people think of when they think of the process of mating and how that would work for a budgie. Fortunately, we’ve compiled some facts to help understand the situation.

How Do Parakeets Mate?

A parakeet, often written Parrakeet, is any of many seed-eating parrots with a tiny body, thin frame, and long, tapering tail.

Parakeets are found in warm climates all across the world, from India and Sri Lanka through Australia and the Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, and tropical America. They often form big flocks and may be a major problem in grainfields.

How do parakeets mate

In a tree hole, most species lay four to eight eggs. Dozens of brightly colored varieties are kept as pets. All are very busy and require a lot of space; most are aggressive toward other birds, especially when partnered; and a few become adept, if small-voiced, mimics.

Parakeets are beautiful birds, and mating between them is a lovely natural procedure. It takes a little time until two parakeets form a friendship. The look of each bird can help a parakeet owner discern its sex—a typical blue cere on a male parakeet.

The nostrils are located in a fleshy region immediately above the beak. The cere may be pinkish-lavender rather than blue in certain fancier kinds, such as lutinos, albinos, and other pastel-colored birds, and the nostrils may be totally lavender as well.

A juvenile female parakeet has softer blue ceres, but it also has a ring exactly around each nose opening, which a male does not have.

The cere becomes tannish brown and becomes rough in texture as it matures. Albino and lutino can also start with lavender-colored ceres, but they will eventually turn brown.

A parakeet must bond with bread. Before breeding, the pair should develop a relationship. A parakeet has the ability to choose its other half.

However, as the owner, you may supply them with options such as a parakeet with a beautiful color palette. You’ll make pairs of immature birds and let them develop together, but you’ll still be able to handle a few adult birds.

How do I know when my parakeets are ready to mate?

Budgies spend a lot of time flirting with one other, nibbling lightly on each other’s beaks, grooming each other, and touching beaks. They’re tweeting to each other as though they’re deep in discussion.

Monk Parakeet Identification, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology

The male flaunts himself in front of the female, making sounds and flapping his wings. He might show her his brilliant feathers.

When the female parakeet birdie is ready to reproduce, she chews up paper to make a nest. If the female is on a nest, the male may feed her regurgitated food, and that is how my friend, you will know that your parakeet is ready to mate.

How do parakeets act when they want to mate?

Budgies gain optimum fitness when the cock’s cere is a vibrant blue, and the hen’s cere is a chocolate brown. They start perching, feeding, and preening together. Providing bathing water encourages them to mate.

The male displays his head to his partner by bobbing and fluffing his feathers, his pupils frequently dilating to pinpricks. He follows this with a gushing, flowing song, often driving himself up into a frenzied state of all-singing, all-dancing excitement.

The female observes and listens intently to these antics but does not participate. She has her own mating season chirrup, and when she cries it, the male typically joins in.

Why won’t my parakeets mate?

If you detect little interaction between your two birds, they may be too young or perhaps too elderly. If they are still disputing after a few days, the two birds are just not compatible.

In rare situations, birds may choose to be celibate, most likely owing to hormone suppression. This might be a transient ailment or a saintly lifetime commitment.

Breeding Setup

Trust us when we say that a breeding setup is a real thing that you can create to get your bird friends ready to breed.

Here is how you can create a breeding setup for your parakeets –

The male and female budgies, also known as parakeets, must be at least one year old before breeding. Choosing birds that have previously linked with each other increases the likelihood that they will mate and reduces the time it takes for them to lay eggs.

Setting up a breeding cage is quite straightforward, but some precautions must be taken to preserve the health of the parents and chicks.

  • Create a separate cage for each breeding pair. Each breeding budgie pair needs a cage at least 24 inches long, 16 inches wide, and 16 inches high.
  • The grate at the bottom should be removed, according to Budgie Place. Cover the cage’s immovable grate with black-and-white newsprint.
  • Outside the cage, attach a wooden nest box. The greatest model has a side opening and is bigger and longer than other lid-top variants. Side-opening boxes lessen the likelihood of egg injury and the possibility of splayed legs in chicks. They are easier to clean and are low maintenance.
  • In the bottom of the box, insert a wooden conclave circle to avoid splayed legs, a malformation caused by incorrect bedding in chicks. Cut a 2-inch-thick piece of board to fit snugly within the breeding box’s bottom. In the center of the board, carve out a concave circle approximately an inch deep and 6 inches in circumference.
  • Unscented pine shavings should be placed at the bottom of the box and over the concave insert.
  • Connect two water tubes to the cage and place a big jar feeder on the cage floor. While caring for their chicks, parents will consume a lot of food and water. To assist the mother get in the mood for breeding, place pieces of softwood on the cage floor for her to gnaw on. To ensure that the wood is safe for your bird, get it from a pet store.

When Does Breeding Occur?

The species determines the age at which parakeets achieve sexual maturity. The typical parakeet, also known as a budgerigar, reaches sexual maturity between the ages of 3 and 5 months, although this is far too early for reproducing.

Budgie, Few, Entertainment, Friendship

If you want to breed budgies, you should wait until your bird is at least ten months old. Look at the ceres, the skin above the beak that includes the nostrils, to determine if your parakeet is male or female.

The ceres are blue or purple in males and some shade of brown in females. The same is true for the feet, bluish for males, and brown – or pink – for females.

How often do parakeets breed?

In captivity, parakeets may have up to 5 clutches every breeding season; however, in the wild, they only have 2-3 clutches per Season.

Each clutch will contain 4-8 eggs on average. Parakeets may lay one egg each day or every other day until the entire clutch has been applied. Incubation takes 17-20 days after the egg is deposited.

Parrots, Couple, Kiss, Budgerigar, Bird

When the female parakeets begins to sit on the eggs, incubation begins.

If the parakeets sits on her first egg, the eggs may hatch over many days, normally in the sequence in which they were deposited.

Colony Parakeet Breeding Versus Single Breeding Pairs

There is a lot of debate on whether colony or cage breeding is superior in the breeding arena. While colony breeding is more natural, it is nearly hard to provide enough room to replicate the circumstances of wild colony breeding.

Budgie, Bird, Green, Yellow

Meanwhile, cage breeding gives you more control over the result of your breeding effort. There is no right or wrong answer to this basic issue, but both strategies have advantages and disadvantages that we shall discuss below.

If you want to become a breeder, we highly advise you to research both ways before zeroing down on which is best for you and your birds.

Time management, space requirements, bird species, illnesses, costs, natural selection, environment, fighting, fertility, genetics, and other factors are all different.

I’ve debated both ways for a long time and had some success with both. I’ll attempt to describe the differences in my experiences here, and you may decide whether the way is best for you as a breeder.

Time Administration

When you are a breeder, you must devote time to feeding, watering, and cleaning. The amount of time varies widely across colonies and cage breeders. Typically, colony breeding consists of only a few bulk feeding/watering stations and aviary flight cleaning.

This procedure takes far less time than personally caring for each caged couple. When you’re a caged breeder, just doing the dishes is a tremendous daily task! It takes time and effort to provide individual servings of food and any supplements.

When it comes to time management on this issue, colony breeders unquestionably have an advantage.

Full-time breeders, whose only source of income is breeding, have more freedom in this aspect since they may either devote more time to more colonies or handle more cage pairs.

Part-time or hobby breeders should consider how many couples they have and how much time they can save to both alternatives.

Inbreeding and genetics

Cage breeding allows you to identify the parents of each clutch, and if any problems arise, you can rapidly isolate the breeding couple and attempt to address them. Sex-linked nests are achievable if you maintain track of your birds’ lineage and genetics.

In a colony, you have no control over the genetics of the chicks and are unable to avoid inbreeding across family lines. You have no say over who mates with whom.

Parakeets may frequently lay eggs in another parakeet’s nest, and you won’t be able to determine the paternity of any bird.

Fights can be lethal.

Colony breeding requires a lot of room, considerably more than cage breeding the same number of pairs. On average, it consumes three times as much space, if not more.

The less room there is in a colony, the more likely there will be conflict when hormones are strong during mating season. In the natural, birds that don’t get along for whatever reason have plenty of room to avoid one another.

However, in a colony flight, they are constrained in their ability to escape a battle and have more opportunities to interact and have disputes.


Breeding issues are a key source of worry in both forms of breeding. When choosing partners for cage breeding, you must be willing to allow them adequate time to acclimate to one another and modify pairings depending on reproductive concerns or incompatibility.

When breeding in a colony, you may enable the pairings to develop spontaneously, which lowers infertility problems in pairs, and the more virile males can frequently fertilize numerous females at once!

Natural selection also plays a role, as the birds would naturally pick healthy and virile mates.

Abandoned Nest

Depending on the species, males will occasionally forsake one parakeet (even if she has eggs or chicks) in favor of another birdie in a colony who may catch his attention.

After losing a mate’s attention, the abandoned parakeet may suffer from weakening in herself and her offspring.

Species differ greatly

Some species do not reproduce successfully in a community. African Greys, for example, prefer peaceful areas distant from other pairs to breed.

When vying for a mate or defending a nest, Green Cheek Conures are known to battle to the death. On the other hand, Cockatiels and budgies are extremely social and reproduce better when they can hear and watch other pairs mating.

Indian Ringneck parakeets are reported to murder an undesired male suitor. Many breeders retain these parakeets with slightly clipped wings and males fully flighted to give the males a greater chance of escaping.

A big colony flight might provide greater space for escape, but ringnecks are notorious for being unfaithful partners.

Once a couple has accepted one another, cage breeding may be preferred to keep them together and reduce the possibility of mate-swapping or unwanted suitor strife.

Without DNA testing, it is impossible to identify males from females in the case of lovebirds. If you are a caged breeder, you must DNA test your pairings.

Otherwise, you risk having two guys bound together and no kids! They will naturally mate up in a colony, making DNA testing less of a problem.

How to tell if mating has been successful?

You may not catch your partner mating, so keep an eye out for all the correct cues. When your parakeet friend is broody, her cere (the portion at the top of the beak that looks like nostrils) becomes thicker and crusts over.

Budgies, Birds, Green, Yellow

When your female begins nesting, it is a sure indicator that mating has been successful. She’ll happily faff and rearrange the wood chips in the nesting box, customizing the space to her liking.

Don’t be frightened if you observe your parakeet flinging chippings out the hole; she just doesn’t want that much.

After fertilization, the first egg should be ready in around ten days. Your parakeet friend will, after that, lay one egg every other day until she has laid all of her eggs.

What should if a parakeet lays eggs?

Blue Parakeet, Bird, Blue, Parrot

Because certain parrot species are sexually dimorphic (you can discern the gender-based on physical appearance) and others are not, many owners are unsure whether they have a male or a female.

If you have both a male and a female, or if you are unsure, the egg may be viable; thus, as soon as you notice an egg, remove it and replace it with a false egg. You might either boil or freeze the egg and then return it to the nest.

It is critical to restoring any type of egg to the nest since certain birds will continue to produce eggs in an attempt to replace the ones that have been lost.

Once all of the eggs in a clutch have been deposited and switched for fake or sterilized eggs, leave them with the birds for around three weeks, regardless of whether they are nesting or not.

Then, every other day, remove them one at a time until they are gone. This should give the female enough time to realize that the eggs are not viable and will not hatch. Most of the time, the birds would abandon the eggs after a certain amount of time.

While laying/nesting on the eggs, consult with your avian veterinarian about food and appropriate nutritional supplements.

Each circumstance will be unique based on history, species, food, and other factors. Your pet’s veterinarian may advise them to take additional calcium, full-spectrum light, protein, or other supplements during this period.

If you find your bird going through any of the mentioned symptoms, don’t hesitate to contact your avian veterinarian as soon as possible to arrange an appointment or bring your bird in for an emergency visit.

You should not delay since these conditions can be extremely hazardous and life-threatening.

Caring for the Baby Parakeets

Rainbow Lorikeets, Birds, Colourful

Just-hatched parakeet chicks are nothing like the magnificent birds they will grow into. Their eyes are closed, and their long necks are too feeble to support their heads.

For the first three weeks, the parakeet looks after the offspring while the male feeds her. He then assists the mother in providing the chicks until they are weaned at roughly six weeks of age.

Keep a close eye

When the eggs start hatching, keep an eye on the nesting box. Because parakeet eggs hatch every other day, some chicks in the same clutch will be much larger than others.

Empty eggshells should be removed, and crops should be observed to ensure that the chicks are fed.

Be ready to Foster

Pay close attention to the tiniest chicks. If some chicks aren’t being fed, you may need to place them with foster parents. One or two newborns can be relocated to a nest with chicks of a similar age.

Check-in frequently to see that the foster parents are caring for the new baby. If they aren’t, you’ll have to feed them by hand. If you wish to hand feed, buy parakeet-specific baby bird formula and follow the packaging directions.

The Nesting Container

Beautiful Parakeet, Bird, In Love, Few

Once the chicks begin to feather, clean the nesting box every week. Before you start:

  1. Wash and dry your hands.
  2. Keep the parakeet out of the nest by blocking the entrance.
  3. Put the infants in a big dish that has been lined with paper towels.
  4. Work swiftly and keep the chicks warm.
  5. Empty the nest and replace the bedding.
  6. Replace the kids in the nest and open the door to allow the parakeet to enter.

Developmental Issues

Food lodged in the top beak of a chick might induce bacterial infections or an undershot beak. If you find any uneaten food, use a warm, damp cotton swab to wipe within the brim gently.

Beautiful Parakeet, Bird, In Love, Kiss

Legs that are splayed protrude outward from the hips. This condition can be caused by insufficient bedding, a food imbalance, or the parakeet sitting on a chick for an extended period.

If identified early, when the chick’s bones are still pliable, this condition can be remedied. If you see evidence of spread legs, contact your veterinarian.


Ring-Necked Parakeet In Flight

We’ve gone over a lot of territories in terms of parakeet mating and bonding behaviors. You now understand the entire mating process, from wooing to nesting to raising offspring!

Most importantly, you now know that parakeets are monogamists, which means they only have one partner at a time.

Your parakeet will have invested a lot of emotion in its companion, so when a parakeet dies, make sure the surviving member of the couple is continuously active and engaged to avoid despair.


What If Mating Partner Of A Parakeet Dies?

A parakeet who loses his partner experiences grief in the same way that any other animal or human does. It’s not uncommon to hear him summoning his partner. When he is free of his cage, he may fly around looking for her. During this period, it is critical to be patient and attentive.

Will parakeets mate without a nesting box?

Budgies (parakeets) do not require a nesting box in order to mate. They will ‘buddy-up as long as a male and female live together and the conditions are favorable for reproduction. This will keep your birds healthy and allow them to breed more easily, and provide the eggs with the proper environment in which to hatch.

How do parakeets find a mate?

They’ll start perching, feeding, and preening together. Bathing water will assist them in getting in the mood to mate. The male will do a show for his partner, which will include a lot of head-bobbing and feather-fluffing, and his pupils will frequently dilate to pinpricks. When you see all of this happening, understand that your parakeet friend has found a mate.

How do you encourage parakeets to breed?

As long as the conditions are suitable, parakeets will reproduce at any time of year. They require 10 to 12 hours of daylight, plenty of water, various appropriate diets, and a suitable nesting place. To ensure that the eggs don’t roll around, place some material in the nesting box, such as shredded paper or huge pine shavings.

How does Season trigger breeding in birds?

Birds can utilize environmental signals such as rainfall or humidity to begin their mating seasons. Both leaf cover and food quantity modulate the effects of water availability, although foliage cover is more significant to the commencement of the avian mating season than food abundance.

About the author

I'm Gulshan, a passionate pet enthusiast. Dive into my world where I share tips, stories, and snapshots of my animal adventures. Here, pets are more than just animals; they're heartbeats that enrich our lives. Join our journey!